Different Learning Styles: Exploring the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
Thesis: Students on a secondary level of education will learn more effectively if their MBTI have been assessed and accommodated to.
All students process information differently. These differences can be explained using the Myers-Briggs type indicator. Students on a secondary level of education will learn more effectively if their MBTI have been assessed and accommodated to.
The Myers-Briggs type indicator (MBTI) is a type of personality test to determine a person’s personality type and thus their learning style. The MBTI is based on the work of the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung and the American mother and daughter team of researchers; Katherine Briggs and Isabel Myers (Opt, 2000). Jung was able to group peoples personalities into three basic classifications: extroversion vs. introversion, sensing vs. intuition, and thinking vs. feeling (literacynet.org, October 22, 2001). Jung published his findings in a book call Psychological Types, first seen in English in 1923 (Opt, 2000). Myers and Briggs studied and built onto his finding twenty years later, adding the fourth classification of judging vs. perceiving, and, in 1962, the MBTI was established (literacynet.org, October 22, 2001).
Personality typing is a way of identifying ways in which people differ from each other. The Myers-Briggs type indicator consists of four primary differences with two opposite reactions to each. The first set of preferences explains where people extract their mental energy from. Extroverts extract their energy from their surroundings and other people. They prefer lots of action and interaction with others. Introverts are the more think-it-through type and find their energies in their inner thoughts and feelings (Brightman).
The second set of preferences is based on the way we take in information. Sensing type people prefer concrete, practical facts. The Center for Applied Psychological Type reported that 56-72% of freshman students at state universities were sensing type students, and 92% of Rhodes scholars are intuitive type students (Brightman). Intuitors are much more imaginative, and prefer extracting meaning from information that is more abstract (Personality Pathways).
The third set of preferences relates to how we make decisions. Thinkers make very logical and analytical decisions, concentrating on accomplishing tasks and results. Feelers tend to base their decisions on how they may affect others. They take a humanistic approach to things (Personality Pathways).
The fourth set of preferences relates to task completion. Judging people are quick to take action, focusing on only the essential information, and quick to complete the task. Perceptive people spend most of their time collecting data and wait till the last minute to begin the task (Brightman).
According to the Learning to learn….with Style program, knowing their MBTI type will...