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Vemp In Children Essay

697 words - 3 pages

Cerebral Palsy (CP) is defined as a neuromuscular impairment and non progressive disturbances in the developing fetal or infant’s brain. CP has been classified according to motor type and topographical distribution. Topographical distribution is in commonly described as hemiplegia, diplegia, quadriplegia and sometimes monoplegia or triplegia. Classification according to motor type is spastic, dyskinetic, ataxic, hypotonic and mixed[1]. CP is the most common case of physical disability with a prevalence of approximately 2 per 1000 live births. The spastic type is the most prevalent type of CP in IRAN[2]. As a syndrome dysfunction of sensory, motor, behavior, communication and postural control ...view middle of the document...

Nowdays VEMP is one of the routine clinical tests for the balance disorder[5]. Cervical evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) is clinical test for evaluation of vestibular function, especially sacculefunction,inferior vestibular nerve and the vestibulospinal tract. The cVEMPs are electromyography responses of the Sternoclidomastoid (SCM) muscle following high level acoustic stimulations of the saccule via the vestibulocollic reflex pathway. cVEMP starts in the saccular maculla of the inner ear, moves to the scarpa's gangelion, through conducting the inferior vestibular never, the lateral vestibular nucleus, the medial vestibulespinal tract, and then the motor neurons of the SCM muscle[6]. The VEMPs have been extensively reported in normal adults or adults with various conditions; however these studies in children especially in children with neurological conditions are scarce. In literature the VEMPs were studied in three level; at first level, in normal infants and children, reported normal data of VEMPs parameters at different ages and also found that latencies and amplitude ratio of VEMP do not have significant different between normal children and adults. The most of them concluded that VEMPs can be used as a valid technique for the investigation of vestibular function in children. At second level,...

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