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Project Management Essay

870 words - 3 pages

Project ManagementAnalysis and Design of Information SystemsRThis chapter provides a process-centric survey of key project management tools and techniques as they apply to system analysis and designs. First we must answer the question, what is project management? For any system development project, effective project management is necessary to ensure that the project meet the deadline, is developed within an acceptable budget, and fulfills customer expectations and specifications. Today's information technology communities are in great demand of skilled project management personnel. The typical Information system (or IS) project manager come from the ranks of experienced IS developers such as system analysts. An experience IS project manager possess strategies, tools, techniques, and the knowledge of information systems to manage a IS project. To understand the strategies, tools and techniques for project management as it applies to IS projects you will need to understand what causes a project to succeed or fail.From the project management perspective, a project is considered a success if: The resulting information system is acceptable to the customer. The system is delivered on time, the system is delivered within budget and the systems development process had a minimal impact on ongoing business operations. However, project mismanagement can undermine the best applications of the systems analysis and design methods taught in any book. Some typical project mismanagement problems are, taking shortcuts through or around the system development methodology, a lake of organization's commitment to the system development methodology and insufficient resources. With each problem there are consequences for the project. The project gets behind schedule, and the team wants to catch up. The project becomes over budget, and the team wants to make up costs by skipping steps. The team is not trained or skilled in some of the methodology's activities and requirements so they are skipped. Ultimately, the major cause of project failure is that most project managers were not educated or trained to be project managers. The true project manager possesses a body of knowledge that deserves explaining.The good project managers possess a core set of competencies in his body of knowledge. Here are two basic premises of project management competencies: first, they cannot manage a process the individual have never used. Second, managers must have an understanding of the business and culture that provides a context for the project. On the other hand, the project manager possesses functions that include scoping, planning, staffing, organizing, scheduling, directing, controlling, and closing to insure that a project is completed. These functions are dependent on ongoing interpersonal communication among...

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