This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Project Management Organizational Structures Essay

1098 words - 4 pages

What is a project? According to Erzberger and Farner, (2001) from the Project Management Institute (PMI) a project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a particular product or service. Coordinating a project is not simple because of all the resources necessary to complete one effectively and efficiently. PMI states that project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to a broad range of activities in order to meet the requirements of the particular project.Project managers are in charge of initiating, planning, executing, controlling and closing the project. Prior to beginning a project the manager needs to decide which organizational structure is the best fit to run the project at hand. There are three organizational structures to choose from. The organizational structures are functional project, matrix project and pure project. Resources availability, organization's size and the company's accomplishment expectations are to be taken into consideration when choosing the most appropriate organizational structure for the project.Functional ProjectThe functional project management organizational structure encompasses multiple departments assigned to work on a project. Companies which are functionally structured will the lines of command very clear. The tasks and the responsibilities are specified. Some advantages of the functional project structure area)A team can work on multiple projects at the same timeb)The technical expertise is maintained within the project even if an individual stops working on the project or leaves the companyc)Several specialized experts work together to obtain the solutions to problems and ensure success of project (Dhamma, 2007).The functional project has disadvantages. Some of the disadvantages are:a)Limitation of general manager's development due to team members only reporting to the functional manager.b)Project coordination and decision making may not be easily attained.c)Conflict may arise among teamsd)Team motivation may not be strong (Dhamma, 2007).The functional structure starts executives or upper management on top and ends with non-management personnel at the bottom. Every member of the project is placed into a specialized team. Each team reports directly to the functional manager. Although each team reports to the functional manager, the responsibility of the entire project is allocated to multiple managers. The responsibility does not lie on only one individual. Upper management and executives are responsible for dispersing the resources available for the project.The functional structure would be suitable for research laboratories. In a polymer laboratory, for example, the general manager wants to test the strength of a particular sample. The functional manager has the teams in place. The functional manager tells a department the amount of resin that is needed. The functional manager continues to tell each department was is needed. Each department is working on the part...

Find Another Essay On Project Management Organizational Structures

Project Management Organizational Structures Paper

966 words - 4 pages Project Management Organizational Structures PaperProject Management - MGT/437IntroductionAt the start of every project, it is important to select the organization structure. There are three organizational structures the functional, matrix, and pure project structures. Each structure has its advantages and disadvantages. All three are different and when it comes to structuring a project the project managers is in charge of deciding which

Project Management Organizational Structures Paper

533 words - 2 pages Project Management Organizational Structures PaperProject Management - MGT/437IntroductionAt the start of every project, it is important to select the organization structure. There are three organizational structures the functional, matrix, and pure project structures. Each structure has its advantages and disadvantages. All three are differenet and when it comes to structuring a project the project managers is in charge of deciding which

Project Management Organizational Structures Paper

1214 words - 5 pages Matrix and project based organizational structures are relatively new within organizations of the three organizational structures. In the past organizational structures were very restrictive and job definitions, and work and tasks allocated were all decided and implemented by the management. The prevalent belief was that workers did not really want to perform his task or duties and it was up to the manager to ensure that the task was completed

Building Organizational Project Management Capability: Learning from Engineering and Construction

4193 words - 17 pages capability and evaluated accordingly. The task itself should include providing processes to support existing projects, a common set of tools and knowledge bases, structures and processes to permit learning, motivation and support for the sharing and capture of learning, and support for the development of a set of performance management and HR practices to grow the talent pool of project managers.Even with organizational commitment and resources

Achiving Project Goal Simulation

533 words - 2 pages Project Management Organizational Structures PaperProject Management - MGT/437IntroductionAt the start of every project, it is important to select the organization structure. There are three organizational structures the functional, matrix, and pure project structures. Each structure has its advantages and disadvantages. All three are differenet and when it comes to structuring a project the project managers is in charge of deciding which

Organizational Structures

1422 words - 6 pages The three organizational structures selected for analysis are relatively new in organizations and are identified as team based, matrix and project based organizational structures. In the past organizational structures were very restrictive and job definitions, and work and tasks allocated were all decided and implemented by the management. The prevalent belief was that workers did not really want to perform his task or duties and it was up to

Understanding Change Management

536 words - 3 pages associated to the specific project or initiative that is not using change management. The impact could be on technologies, business processes, methods, procedures tools, reporting structures, etc. Organizational approach towards change management would have a greater impact on the success or failure of a project. The project level costs and risks of not having change control process are Cost Risks  Project delays,  Finances overruns,  Rework

Organizational Structures

794 words - 3 pages effective communication and coordination." In respects to project management there are three primary organizational break downs they are functional structure, pure project structure, and matrix structure. We will take a look into each of these structures to better identify the similarities and differences between them. Functional Structure In a functional arrangement, power or status is defined by a vertical hierarchy. This structure clearly

Harrison Keyes implementation plan concepts worksheet

775 words - 3 pages , and monetary resources are currently being shared by both the project and normal busing operations with no clear project structure guidelines.Project management structures represent the major approaches to organizing projects (Gray & Lawson, 2005). "A good system appropriately balances the needs of both the parent organization and the project by defining the interface between the project and parent organization in terms of authority

Organizational Development

758 words - 3 pages productive for this project. The American Heritage Dictionary defines organization as: a structure through which individuals cooperate to systematically conduct business (Dictionary.com, 2010). Development, according to The American Heritage Dictionary is defined as: a significant event, occurrence, or change (Dictionary.com, 2010). Therefore, a simple definition of organizational development is: the practice of changing people and organizations for

Business Structures

972 words - 4 pages Organizational roles and structures are important for hotels and lodges to function efficiently. “The purpose of these structures is to coordinate, communicate, and control individual actions to support the strategy, and to facilitate workflow, permit management control, and create doable jobs” (Enz, 2010). There are many dimensions of organizational structures from hierarchy of authority, degree of centralization, complexity, specialization

Similar Essays

Project Management Organizational Structures Essay

1136 words - 5 pages A series of related jobs that are focused toward a major solution is a project. Projects take time, money, people, and other resources to perform successfully. Project management usually control these resources as well as planning the project and allocating resources where needed. Before a project is started, management decides which organizational structure will be used to run the project. There are three organizational structures that can be

Project Management Organizational Structures Essay

1329 words - 5 pages , Inc.Mantel, S.J. & Meredith, J.R. (2006). Project Management: A managerial approach. (6th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Russell, M. (2008). Organizational structures in project management. Ezine articles. Retrieved May 20, 2010 from http://ezinearticles.com/?Organizational-Structures-In-Project- Management.

Project Management Organizational Structures Paper 1200 Words

1200 words - 5 pages A series of related jobs that are focused toward a major solution is a project. Projects take time, money, people, and other resources to perform successfully. Project management usually controls these resources as well as planning the project and allocating resources where needed. Before a project is started, management decides which organizational structure will be used to run the project. There are three organizational structures that can be

Project Management Organizational Structures Paper 966 Words

966 words - 4 pages Project Management Organizational Structures PaperProject Management - MGT/437IntroductionAt the start of every project, it is important to select the organization structure. There are three organizational structures the functional, matrix, and pure project structures. Each structure has its advantages and disadvantages. All three are different and when it comes to structuring a project the project managers is in charge of deciding which