Victorianism And Existentialism Essay

1446 words - 6 pages

Victorianism “can be taken to mean the parent of the modern” (Landow). The term Victorianism refers to the attitudes, ways, ideas, changes and events of the Victorian Era. “The Victorian Era is generally agreed to stretch through the reign of Queen Victoria” (Miller), from 1837 to 1901. During this period, which was “sometimes called the Second English Renaissance” (Miller), the Victorians faced many modern problems. However, the Victorian Era was an age of power which allowed the Victorians to come up with modern solutions and ideas. First, “[I]n science and technology, the Victorians invented the modern idea of invention” (Landow). They created “the notion that one can create solutions to problems, that man can create new ways of bettering himself and the environment” (Landow). Victorians believed “that science and the practical men could change the world through invention and implementation” (MacRalid). The Victorians built “[s]team locomotion, iron, steel ships, telegraphy and many other developments” (MacRalid). Also, “Victorianism [was] associated with industrialism, urbanization, transport, technologies, travel and communication” (MacRalid). “In religion, the Victorians experienced a great age of doubt” (Landow). They started to question Christianity. As a result, “Victorianism balanced the ancient regime Anglicanism of the Church of England with a growing pluralism through alternative Christianities, new faiths and the toleration of unbelief” (MacRalid). Additionally, in politics, society, governance, economy, and culture “the Victorians created astonishing innovation and change” (Landow). For example, “democracy, feminism, socialism, Marxism and other modern movements took form” (Landow). “Modernity was feared by many” (MacRalid), but the Victorian Era was known to be “prudish, repressed and old-fashioned” (Landow). Victorianism caused modernization to occur and left many traces in the present. Poets and novelists who influenced the Victorian Era are still known today. In many countries, “political systems, bureaucracies and educational systems took on a clearly Victorian character” (MacRalid). In the end, Victorianism changed the Victorian Era and influenced the creation of the Modern Era that is today.Existentialism “is virtually impossible to define absolutely as it is now so broad in its approaches” (Hayes). However, its main ideas “came out of a time in society when there was a deep sense of despair following the Great Depression and World War II” (AllAboutPhilosophy). During that time, many of the works and writings about existentialism were done by “Kierkegaard, a religious philosopher, Nietzsche, an anti-Christian, Sartre, an atheist and Camus an atheist” (AllAboutPhilosophy). Most of their existential writing outlined a basic common definition for existentialism. In general, “[e]xistentialism in the broader sense is a 20th century philosophy that is centered upon the analysis of existence and of the way...

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