Vietnam Essay

1166 words - 5 pages

The South East Asian country Vietnam became a Cold War battleground for the Second Indochina war which involved both the US and Russia’s interests. Once again it was the Capitalist struggle against Communism. The Vietnam War was a direct result of the USSR’s and China’s communist presence and pressure. America feared a chain reaction was occurring among the other Asian countries that made them change to communism one by one. America wanted to prevent this from occurring and that is why they were so quick to help the South combat the Communist North. In the end however, their attempts were fruitless for they were unable to overthrow or prevent the spread of communism through all of Vietnam.
The roots of the Vietnam War started after the First Indochina War and the Geneva Accords. After the first Indochina War, the French who had colonized Vietnam withdrew from the country leaving its former colony with two different and fighting parties, the communist party, Vietminh, and the capitalist party in the South. These two sides split Vietnam into two different countries the North and South with two different rulers, Ho Chi Minh and Ngo Dinh Diem. Ho Chi Minh consolidated his power up North after the Vietminh, the revolutionary group defeated the French in the first Indochina War. Diem was the South nationalist leader and had been elected by the french with much US support for he was a strong anti-communist and his belief in catholicism was appealing to US government members. Diem formed the Republic of Vietnam following the Geneva Accords. The South however continued to suffer from guerrilla attacks from the Vietcong, rebels that were part of the North but were located within the jungle in the South. The Vietcong were disruptive to the infrastructure through assassinations and trying to change the peasants beliefs. This led to John F. Kennedy taking action and start increasing their support for the South and to Diem being overthrown due to unpopularity which would be detrimental to the US’s plan of stopping the North.
This increased support by the US came between 1960 and 1963, by sending US advisors to Vietnam to aid the Republic of Vietnam’s Army(South) in fighting the Vietcong for they really did not want another country to succumb to Communism. The “Domino Effect” was a theory by US politicians that because of Russia and China’s pressure and power that all of Asia would follow suit in becoming communist one by one. Kennedy believed that if they could stop this from occurring in Vietnam that they would be able to stop all of Asia from turning to communism for they would have broken the chain. Therefore, they end up sending around 17000 military advisors to the Republic of Vietnam to aid the ARVN in combatting the Vietcong. They were to strategize and help train the ARVN but they ended up leading jobs more as commanders during missions and being in direct combat. After Kennedy’s death, the support from America increased even more to the point...

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