Vietnam at War
Vietnam is one of the most beautiful countries of the world. It had fought for independence for over two thousand years to protect its culture from the invading countries like China, Japan, France and America. The Vietnam War which is also referred to as the Second Indochina War lasted from 1959 to 1975 (Bradley, 2009). Before French colonization Vietnam was under the influence of Chinese domination. It was known to contain different ethnicities and languages, and great diversity in social, religious and cultural values. Vietnam absorbed most of the Chinese culture in terms of political system, arts, literature, and education.
France colonialism civilized the backward people of Vietnam and modernized the country in various aspects. The infrastructure was improved to a high extent, and also led to the introduction of democratic institutions. Most of the constructions during this period were built in the French style. But France was always in the motto of achieving commercial profit. France wanted cheaper raw materials from Vietnam to produce in their own country and obtain profits and greater markets for the French goods (Bradley, 2009). In addition to this, the profits incurred through farming were taken by the French and the native Vietnamese were limited to work as labors, often with fewer wages. The French controlled key plantations all over the country. Forced labor, heavy taxes, and a centralized government was a result of the French colonization (Duiker, 2009).
Some of the nationalists could not tolerate the ill treatment of France over the poor peasants. One of such revolutionary leaders was Ho Chi Minh. After he founded the Communist Party of Vietnam (Bradley, 2009), he led the Vietnamese revolution rigorously to achieve the success of independence to Vietnam. During the Second World War, Japan invaded Vietnam and threw out the French out of the country. The military personnel of the United States always had a high respect to Ho Chi Minh for his commitment to freedom of the country. Ho minh formed the Viet Minh to fight against Japan and France (Bradley, 2009). The United States assisted Vietnam to win over Japan. After successfully freeing Vietnam from Japan, on September 2, 1945, from the northern city of Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh announced the Declaration of Independence and named the country as the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (Bradley, 2009). Ho Chi Minh was elected as the president. When Japan withdrew from Vietnam, it left the emperor Bao who was well-educated French in control of independent Vietnam.
In July 1949, with the help of Bao (Bradley, 2009), France was successful in capturing control over the southern part of Vietnam. But it was awfully defeated by the Viet Minh forces. In the 1950’s, the United States sent its troops to South Vietnam to establish is power and destroy the Viet Minh. More than three million people and around sixty thousand lost their valuable lives...