Viewing Romantic Concepts Essay

847 words - 4 pages

The oxford dictionary states that romanticism is a movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual; Romanticism was a reaction against the order and restraint of classicism and neoclassicism, and a rejection of the rationalism that characterized the Enlightenment. A very popular format of romanticism was poetry. Three main concepts of romantic poetry are melancholia, idealism, and nature. The works of romantic poets have these three concepts working within them. The Merriam-Webster dictionary describes melancholia as a mental condition and especially a manic-depressive condition characterized by extreme depression, bodily complaints, and often hallucinations and delusions. In the romantic works the poets express their sadness and depression. The Merriam-Webster definition of idealism is the literary or artistic theory or practice that affirms the preeminent value of imagination as compared with faithful copying of nature. The romantic poets had used idealism throughout their works. According to the oxford dictionary Nature is the phenomena of the physical world collectively, including plants, animals, the landscape, and other features and products of the earth, as opposed to humans or human creations. In romanticism nature is very prominent, for the first time the poets gave it purpose and meaning. Three important romantic poets were George Byron, Samuel Coleridge, and Percy Shelley; their work has all three of these concepts. In a scan of his or her poems you can identify each melancholia, idealism, and nature.
In the poem “Darkness” by George Byron a viewer can find all three concepts or romanticism. The first concept is melancholia. An excellent example of melancholia in the “darkness” is “The brows of men by the despairing light wore an unearthly aspect, as by fits the flashes fell upon them; some lay down and hid their eyes and wept.” The melancholia in this poem is very strong and vivid; George Byron is clearly expressing deep sadness. The next concept of romanticism is idealism. An example of idealism in Byron’s poem “darkness” is “and the clouds perish'd; Darkness had no need Of aid from them--She was the Universe.” Byron is clearing stating his idealism on the universe and human importance. Byron was stating that the universe does not need us, a very idealistic argument. The last concept is nature in “darkness” it is written “The rivers, lakes and ocean all stood still, And nothing...

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