This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Viewpoints Of Durkhiem, Karl Marx, And Adam Smith

790 words - 4 pages

What makes society progressive is the growth of a nation towards the better. What makes a nation powerful and grow is the division of labor. It has been apparent over the centuries of technological growth that within a society the more societal advancements there are, the more division of labor there is within the nation. Durkheim considered the division of labor has a natural law, one that not only was in humans but all organisms. Durkheim felt that although everything should be divided into his or her own labor, it was all for the greater good, the social solidarity. The social solidarity meant that everyone worked separately for the same outcome at the end. He brings in different types of laws to characterize the different types of social solidarities they bring with it. Mechanical and organic solidarity are what he mentions and each one is completely different from one another. Criminal laws and their respective punishments promoted mechanical solidarity, which was a sense of unity that results in individuals engaging in similar work who come from the same backgrounds. Civil laws promote organic solidarity; it is a society that individuals engage in different kinds of works that benefit society as a whole. He explains that nations with a more mechanical viewpoint have less developed societies because the diversity and division of labor is much less, so individuals share similar views of life and so do not bring different thoughts into society. However nations in organic view points have more diverse occupations therefore people rely on each other more, which results in greater benefits to the society.

Marx viewed the increase in specialization leads workers to be less enthusiastic for their work and leads them to have poor overall skills. They can not grow as workers if they stay doing the same job over and over again. He argues that the worker becomes, “depressed spiritually and physically to the condition of the machine.” Now the machine could be the literal machine the worker is using to create the task he as to do or the overall machine of the company itself and its division. Marx also argues that it hurts society overall. With people staying in their own divisions society keeps the classes where they are. People cannot rise the through...

Find Another Essay On Viewpoints of Durkhiem, Karl Marx, and Adam Smith

A Comparison of the Economic Philosophies of Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, and Karl Marx

1811 words - 7 pages As far back as man has been on earth, he has been driven towards building a community among his peers. Whether that is a community of hunters and gatherers who share whatever the day has brought to them within their tribe, or a larger community which within its structure lie the inner dwellings of division of labor and societal classes. Adam Smith (18th Century), John Stuart Mill (19th Century), and Karl Marx (19th Century) are of the same

A Comparison of the Economic Theories of Adam Smith and Karl Marx

2467 words - 10 pages There is perhaps not a more famous ongoing dialectic argument in the field of political economy than the one between Adam Smith and Karl Marx in regards to capitalism. The two thinkers, although coming to radically different conclusions about the outcomes of the capitalist system for all parties involved, agree on a surprising number of ideas such as labor being the source of commodities’ value, as well as the fact that the division of labor

Economis Theorists- Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and John Maynard Keynes and their contributions to the field of economics

597 words - 2 pages Throughout the centuries, there have been many economists, who have contributed to the many economic theories. Among them is Adam Smith, also known as the Father of Capitalism. His theory on beneficial workings of the free marketplace and his 1776 Wealth of Nations is what he is most noted for. Karl Marx, the Father of Communism, is most famous for his theory on the conflict within capitalism. There is also John Maynard Keynes, who is known as

Small Element, Big Difference: A comparison of Adam Smith and Karl Marx's view on labor in a capitalist society

1721 words - 7 pages Adam Smith and Karl Marx are both considered few of the most influential giants in social and economical history. When viewing their economical standpoints, it is not difficult to recognize the difference in ideas that they have regarding society. Adam Smith is an advocator for capitalism and the wealth that can be accumulated in it, while Karl Marx critiques on the flaws of capitalism and praises communism that will overthrow the capitalist

Karl Marx and the Authorship of communism

3229 words - 13 pages (1986). 'Marx, Communism and Anarchism,' in David Muschamp (Ed) Political Thinkers. Macmillan Education Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne. Pp 194 - 212Li, Quan and Smith, Dale L. (2002). 'The Dilemma of Financial Liberalization: State Autonomy and Societal Demands.' The Journal of Politics, Vol 64, No. 3. Pp 764-790Marx, Karl (1974). Selected Writings in Sociology and Social Philosophy, Bottomore and Rubel (Eds). Penguin Books, MiddlesexMichels

Analysis of Karl Marx and Communism

2142 words - 9 pages Karl Heinrich Marx was born on May 5, 1818, in the city of Trier inPrussia, now, Germany. He was one of seven children of JewishParents. His father was fairly liberal, taking part in demonstrationsfor a constitution for Prussia and reading such authors as Voltaireand Kant, known for their social commentary. His mother, Henrietta,was originally from Holland and never became a German at heart, noteven learning to speak the language properly

Biography of Adam Smith

3510 words - 14 pages readily recognize these as authorless rules which they and the courts have used in statutory interpretation. The first is that when people use words we should expect others to interpret them in their ordinary sense, or dictionary meaning. The second rule -- given that some distinction is required -- is to adopt the meaning as used by the "most celebrated writers." "In adverting to the terms and definitions of Adam Smith, in his Wealth of Nations

Karl Marx and Communism

1717 words - 7 pages Karl Marx and Communism Were Karl Marx ideas on communism moral? It is quite obvious that some societies do or did believe that communism was a good way of life. Even though there are many drawbacks to communism there are still some advantages. Karl Marx is a man of intrigue he only did what he wanted to and not what others wanted him to do. Upon completion of my research I feel that Marx was a very bright man. His ideas may not be all

Karl Marx and Capitalism

1179 words - 5 pages integument bursts asunder. The knell of capitalist private property sounds. The expropriators are expropriated.” (Marx) Here, in the direct contradiction of Adam Smith, the capitalist would continue to rise without a fall. For David Ricardo (it should be noted that Marx discussed both Smith and Ricardo in Theories of Surplus Value), the rise was only halted by the natural stalemate. For John Stuart Mill, the society could give out the product as need

Karl Marx and Marxism

631 words - 3 pages Karl Marx and MarxismKarl Marx set the wheels of modern Communism andSocialism in motion with his writings in the late nineteenthcentury. In collaboration with his friend, Heinrich Engels, heproduced the The Communist Manifesto, written in 1848.Many failed countries' political and socio-economic structureshave been based on Marx's theories, for example the USSR, EastGermany etc. Many people believe that Marxism is notapplicable to today's

Karl Marx and Capitalism

965 words - 4 pages Karl Marx, in the Capital, developed his critique of capitalism by analyzing its characteristics and its development throughout history. The critique contains Marx’s most developed economic analysis and philosophical insight. Although it was written in 1850s, its values still serve an important purpose in the globalized world and maintains extremely relevant in the twenty-first century. Karl Marx’s critique of political economy provides a

Similar Essays

Comparing Adam Smith And Karl Marx

562 words - 2 pages Comparing Adam Smith and Karl Marx Smith and Marx agree upon the importance of capitalism as unleashing productive powers. Capitalism is born out of the division of labour... that is, it is made possible by dividing jobs up into simple tasks as a way of increasing efficiency. By increasing efficiency, then everyone can produce more than they personally need. The extra produced can go towards the accumulation of capital, (machines, more land

Adam Smith V. Karl Marx Essay

2229 words - 9 pages themselves they will better the society at the same time. From my upbringing and my education, I believe that Adam Smith is correct is his beliefs and ideas. I believe that Marx is wrong in the points that I have described above. COSHE.COM : adam smith and karl marx; contrasting viewpoints : adam smith and karl marx; contrasting viewpoints english/economics Click Here to Search COSHE's Database Again “Adam Smith and Karl Marx; Contrasting

Adam Smith Vs. Karl Marx Essay

955 words - 4 pages Adam Smith vs. Karl Marx, living in the typical capitalist community in the United States, it is much easier to relate to the thoughts of Adam Smith. This is not to say that I do not agree with some of the precepts of pure Communism, but like the old adage says, Communism looks good on the outside.Adam Smith states his opinion on the mercantile system and its faults, while he dissected, clarified, and revolutionized the mercantilist economy and

Compare And Contrast The Views Of Durkhiem And Karl Marx

1240 words - 5 pages ; Unwin,pp.206-214.Hamilton, Malcolm. 2001, Sociology of religion : Theoretical and comparative perspectives,Routledge.Marx, Karl, 1973, "On the Future of Religion", in Sociological Perspectives: SelectedReadings, (Eds. Kenneth Thompson and Jeremy Tunstall), Penguin pp.439-440.Rawls, Anne Warfield. 2005, Epistemology and Practice : Durkheim's The ElementaryForms of Religious Life, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Thompson, Kenneth. 2002, Emile Durkheim, Routledge.Wood, Allen. 2004, Marx Karl: Arguments of the philosophers, Routledge