Perspectives On Dreaming Essay

1011 words - 4 pages

Perspectives on Dreaming

"That you have but slumber'd here
While these visions did appear.

And this weak and idle theme,

No more yielding but a dream…."

William Shakespeare, A Midsummer Night's Dream

Each night, visions inhabit our minds during sleep and vanish with the morning light. These visions, these dreams, are without substance. Often, the waking mind recalls dreams only vaguely, if at all. A complete, separate world seems to exist within each of us; a world that can only be found through sleep, through dreams. What are dreams? Why do some people find nightly reverie in the comfort of their beds, while others dread sleep, terrified of the content of their dreams, and yet others recall no dreams to fear or fancy? Speculations on dreams are common and vastly variant. Some people imagine that their dreams are prophetic, while others insist that dreams are merely random firings of neurons. Perhaps a more encompassing view of dreams is appropriate. Neural firing causes dreams, but the randomness of dreams is questionable, since dreams are often correlated with the immediate emotional state of the dreamer. The theories that are presented here do not completely explain dreams. There are many missing pieces to the puzzle of the mind, and our theories on dreaming still have rather large holes.

Dreams occur during sleep. While REM sleep is the best biological condition for dreaming, dreams may occur any time during sleep (1). The brain is less responsive to external inputs while sleeping, engaged, instead, with internally generated input (2) . While responsiveness to external input is greatly reduced during sleep, the brain in not completely unresponsive and can be stimulated by the environment (1) . Thus, external influences can effect dreams. For example, alarm clocks and telephone noises can be incorporated into dreams, as can inputs originating in the body but outside the nervous system, such as the need to urinate. The extent that external activity modifies dreams is difficult to ascertain because the person is often awakened by such activity.

A possible purpose for sleep is that decreased responsiveness allows the brain to undergo "dynamic stabilization," or DS, which is essentially the activation of synapses in neural circuits of the cerebral cortex to enhance and maintain neural functioning (2) . Generally, DS does not initiate the activation of a neural circuit because of extensive inhibition of the motor neurons, and is therefore "non-utilitarian", meaning that there are no visible physical results (2) . DS can occur during consciousness, but the cerebral complexity of warm-blooded vertebrates requires more DS than can occur simultaneously with the processing necessary for waking thought and perception. Sleep thus evolved to provide the brain with a condition virtually free from external distraction (2) .

DS occurs most frequently during REM sleep (2) , which is also the state biologically most suitable for...

Find Another Essay On Perspectives on Dreaming

How is there animals here? Essay

6447 words - 26 pages Relationship to place:positioning Aboriginal knowledge and perspectives in classroom pedagogiesNeil HarrisonDepartment of EducationMacquarie UniversityNew South Wales GreenfieldAboriginal Education and Training DirectorateDepartment of Education and TrainingNew South project is based on research conducted with twelve schools in New South Wales

Analysis of Birches

560 words - 2 pages Analysis of Birches   The discursive blank-verse meditation "Birches" does not center on a continuously encountered and revealing nature scene; rather, it builds a mosaic of thoughts from fragments of memory and fantasy. Its vividness and genial, bittersweet speculation help make it one of Frost's most popular poems, and because its shifts of metaphor and tone invite varying interpretation it has also received much critical discussion


712 words - 3 pages language other than English at home. There are many benefits when working in multicultural environment, some of these advantages include:- Different perspectives on life and on how to solve problems.- Increased tolerance, acceptance and patience for other cultures.- Wide range of language skills.- Learn about different types of food and traditional cooking methods.- Bring new skills that may provide an easier and more time efficient service.There

Sonnet 107 by William Shakespeare-literary analysis.

1226 words - 5 pages mine own fears, nor the prophetic soul,Of the wide world, dreaming on things to come,Can yet the lease of my true love control,Supposed as forfeit to a confined doom.The mortal Moon hath her eclipse indured,And the sad Augurs mock their own presage,Incertainties now crown themselves assured,And peace proclaims Olives of endless age.Now with the drops of this most balmy time,My love looks fresh, and death to me subscribes,Since spite of him Ill

A Freudian Perspective of "A Haunted House" by Virginia Wool

1505 words - 6 pages of characters and the basic elements of psychoanalysis.In his studies on the interpretation of dreams, Freud states that the process of dreaming has certain steps: compression (several images or thoughts that have a common element are put together and compressed during the subconscious activity), shifting (the images obtained after compression are scrambled until they form an incoherent, illogical film), representation (the new film is organised

Perspectives on Crime

1240 words - 5 pages left behind. It is these different perspectives that make crime one of the most fascinating aspects of our society. Televisions shows about criminals and detectives pull in millions of viewers every week. A crime mystery novel is almost always on the New York Times Bestseller List. These multi-faceted situations are why little boys and girls grow up playing “cops and robbers” and dreaming of wearing a badge one day. For a law enforcement officer, it is important to always be aware of the different perspectives of crime if one is to ever truly understand how to have empathy instead of apathy.

Dreams: and the perceptions shaped through 4 texts

2455 words - 10 pages English assessment 1:The following texts all examine different perspectives of hope and the visualization of dreams. 'To life' and the "Tennessee Tornado" maintain a hopeful and inspirational vision with a basis in the characters ability to conquer adversity. The quote from "the tempest" is more of a question of whether or not dreams are attainable within reality and whether the real world is merely an illusion. The burial at Ornans contains

Lucy vs. Mina: Opposites Reveal Truth about Human Mentality

2229 words - 9 pages is happening to her and knows how to stop it. When Mina realizes that vampires exist she says, “what terrible things there are in the world, and what an awful thing if that monster be really in London! I fear to think” (Stoker 196). Mina understands the reality of Dracula being free about in London and lets her fear drive her to stop him. Mina does say she feels like she is dreaming on one account where Dracula comes to suck her blood, but she is

The Evolution of Writing

1155 words - 5 pages conducted a study with students to figure out there rituals. In this study, all the students said they procrastinate. Wyche believes that procrastinating can only hurt you. “The problem with waiting until the last minute to write is that ideas rarely appear on demand. Instead, they come when listening to others, while reading, or dreaming, or in the middle of other activities” (Wyche 59). She really stresses how crucial it is to give your writing

Face Your Life

1446 words - 6 pages There are many different modern perspectives of psychology. These modern perspectives are cognitive,psychoanalysis,humanistic-cultural,behavioral and evolutionary. Any change that happens in your life must come from you and your own efforts. Although a psychologist can guide you, no one can do the work for you. A small daily event can sometimes lay back a deep impact on your life. This is one such incident, where a normal routine incident

sociological classes

942 words - 4 pages without continually interacting and communicating with others. You have the knowledge that they too organize their reality around the "here" and "now" but also know that others' perspectives on the world are not the same as your own. In other words, your "here" is their "there" and your "now" does not impinge on theirs. That is unless we are socially interacting.Part two of this chapter is the social interaction of everyday life. As I mentioned

Similar Essays

Why Do We Dream? Essay

2357 words - 9 pages sleep. Mark Solms (as cited in Arnold; Vogal, 2007, p20) predominantly associates his dream research around neuroscientific technique, focusing on activation of brain regions during dreaming. He proposed the medial portions of the brain, commonly associated with instinctual drives become active during dreams, while the exterior, which motivates reasonable and rational thoughts remain dormant. Solms modernised many of the perspectives portrayed

A Comparison Of Micro And Macro Songs

1479 words - 6 pages Sociology, as a practice, can be applied to almost every human exchange. The realm of lyrical song is no different, offering numerous venues for sociological perspectives to be expressed by the artist(s) about the shared environment around them. For the purposes of exemplifying the possible connections which can be made in this context we chose two unique songs: “Prayer of the Refugee” by Rise Against and “The Dreaming Tree” by the Dave Matthews

Staying True To Self: Examining The Elements Which Hinder Assimilation In Sherman Alexie’s Reservation Blues And Tyehimba Jess’ Leadbelly

2546 words - 10 pages the Native American as it is prevalent to its people and its culture is his article “Dreams, theory, and culture: the Plains vision quest paradigm.” He even goes on to recognizes others in the field like “Hallowell, who, recognizing the formative power of the socio-cultural environment, also recognized the validity of the Native American view of dreaming as a source of personal empowerment” (Irwin). These understandings of the concept of dreaming

Dreams And Their Interpretation Essay

4261 words - 17 pages dreams mean? Well, that depends on who you ask. A Freudian analyst would tell you that the dream represents a subconscious wish. A Jungian analyst would most likely tell you that the characters in your dream represents archetypes. However, psychology is not the only field that studies dreams. You might talk to a proponent of the Activiation-synthesis model of dreaming, a recent biological approach, who would assure you that the dream was nothing