This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Views On Overseas Expansion In 19th Century America

943 words - 4 pages

Arguments for and against overseas expansion raised a foreign policy debate in the late years of the 19th century to the early years of the 20th century. People favored overseas expansion because they wanted the American economy to grow. Missioners, who wanted to convert the inhabitants of the new lands, also propelled this new policy, and theories such as the Social Darwinism and the Manifest Destiny made people believed it was right for America to expand its frontiers and help the less fortune. But there were some who disagreed with overseas expansion because they looked at it as a hypocrisy act among Americans, or as a way of subjugating other nations just for America’s benefits. Some others were concerned that making contact with under-developed nations would eventually dilute their racial stock and the strength of America.
At the end of the 19th century the growth in population and in production led many people to look outward. By expanding, America would ensure that there would always be access to foreign markets for America’s surplus products to be sold. To fuel America’s industrial economy, people found expanding very beneficial. Overseas territories offered a cheap labor force allowing American goods to be made at a lower cost and were full of natural resources and raw materials, which could be very useful in American manufacturing. These foreign territories could serve as possible coaling stations for the battleships, or as military basis. Many businessmen found very advantageous this idea because they saw it as investment opportunities. They were willing to use their surplus capital to invest in the mines of Philippines or to start producing in Hawaii because they knew this would give them higher returns that investing in the American economy.
Religious reasons also motivated the overseas expansion. Christian missioners wanted to spread the word of the Lord, and the idea that the United States would conquer under-developed countries attracted these people who saw it as a big opportunity to convert as many inhabitants of the foreign lands as possible. Many of these missioners were women who wanted to highlight their importance as social uplifters at home. The Women’s Christian Temperance Movement also sent women abroad with the idea of letting the people know that it was America who had started with the women’s rights.
Two well-known theories became very spoken among American expansionists when the debate about looking outward exploded. Follow by the ideas of Social Darwinism expansionists supported the ownership of overseas territories as a natural order of a “more fit species”. These people believed that the American race, Anglo-Saxon, was superior to many others, and for that reason justified the authority in less-developed countries. Manifest Destiny, also used for the western expansion a half century earlier, stated that America had the mission to regenerate the world, and people believed that the Unites States’ destiny...

Find Another Essay On Views on Overseas Expansion in 19th Century America

Juvenile Crime In 19th Century Great Britain: Changing Views

915 words - 4 pages habits developed. As a result of the amount of theories and ideas formed, the systems put in place were hugely successful and reduced the punishments given to juvenile offenders. Good conduct in Reformatory and Industrial School earned a small sum of money. Therefore, the need for punishment was minimized due to the system of rewards. Throughout the century, the changes made by the government involving the legal treatment of the juvenile offender were made based on people's changing views on the subject. In the end, those changes proved to be greatly beneficial for Great Britain.

The Effect Of Steam Railroads On Life In 19th Century America

3354 words - 13 pages The Effect of Steam Railroads on Life in 19th Century America Today in the 20th century, we Americans, think very little of our ability to move almost effortlessly from one place to another in America. This was far from the case in early 19th century America. The introduction of the Steam Railroad was the single most important technological change in 19th century America and would forever drastically change the American experience economically

What Impact Did Slavery Have on 19th Century America?

1702 words - 7 pages with a quarter or half a pound of lead, wrapped in cat-gut, and securely fastened on… The lash is ten feet long…""Everybody, in the South, wants the privilege of whipping somebody else."Frederick DouglassIt was only until the 18th Century, when the British led a campaign to put an end to the slave trade. Many supporters joined the campaign to bring an end to the capturing of Africans and their sale in America. The campaigners started

William Walker, a filibuster of the 19th century in America

1069 words - 4 pages disdain at the filibustering schemes of the French during the 1850s, as the American expansion into Mexico was a factor of Manifest Destiny, to which the French would serve as a grave hindrance.In the mid-nineteenth century, adventurers known as filibusters participated in military actions aimed at obtaining control of Latin American nations with the intent of annexing them to the United States-an expression of Manifest Destiny. Although the movement

Opposition to Immigration in 19th and 20th Century America

1137 words - 5 pages Immigration in 19th and 20th Century America During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many American nativist groups opposed free unrestricted immigration. Although racism is a main reason, there were many others. Economic, political, social and moral standards seemed to be threatened by these newcomers. The immigrants were unfamiliar of the language and customs that we take for granted in our everyday lives. The fear that

The Death of Compromise in 19th Century America

1130 words - 5 pages every avenue of society”. (Document F) Here, Lincoln takes note of how the issue of slavery has become overwhelmingly important to Northern society. Taking note of Lincoln’s remarks, it becomes quite evident that slavery was not merely a political issue, but was in fact ingrained in American society, thus when accounting for the South’s opinion on the issue, it appears quite impossible for America to compromise on the issue. For example, a Georgian

American expansion in the 19th century was an act of aggressive imperialism, not manifest destiny

773 words - 3 pages the east coast to the west coast. However, I believe that this land was taken as an act of aggressive imperialism on the part of the United States. Imperialism is the practice of extending the power and dominion of a nation by direct territorial acquisitions of other areas, and clearly America took much of this land by force rather than negotiation with other nations. The motives of the United States was not that of expansion, but in hopes of

“Exploration on Effects of Racial Disparities Upon African American Identity and Economic/Social Standing In Mid-19th Century America

1088 words - 4 pages its “Optic White” premium paint serves as a microcosm of mid-19th century American society and its basest, most fundamental views towards defined roles (treatment) of African Americans in society. This pivotal scene exemplifies the perspective that whites hold regarding blacks. As IM is instructed by Kimbro on his first assignment at the paint factory, he is told to “measure ten drops into the paint,” (Ellison, 1) and stir the mixture until it

About the Feminist Movement in the 19th Century in parts of America

2245 words - 9 pages of the debates, many churches turned the sisters down and it became difficult for them to speak in public. As they completed their tour in New England, freedom of speech and the right to free assembly became part of their mission.The 19th century women's movement came into being as a result of the World Anti-Slavery Convention, held in London in 1840. It voted to exclude women from participating in the convention, so many female anti-slavery

Compare and contrast of the 18th and 19th century in America: econ/social/polit

670 words - 3 pages drove the progression of the 18th to 19th century. Though the two periods varied drastically on social and political grounds, the basis behind the economic aspect remained the same. The coal period was driven by the need for power and money and the oil century was even more so. This variation in economic abundance allowed for the drastic contrasts of social standards and beliefs, and political methods. Rather than a stark comparison, the two centuries progress into another as the wealth of the country grew. The oil and coal in turn play as the base source of energy that fueled their respective centuries.

Contraception and Abortion in 19th-Century America, by Janet Farrell Brodie

1256 words - 5 pages The topics of contraception and abortion have been looked upon differently throughout years past in America. The ideas regarding these topics have changed from being nonexistent to being extremely common in today’s world. In the book, Contraception and Abortion in 19th-Century America, written by Janet Farrell Brodie there are descriptions and sources that state how and why people of the nineteenth century used contraception and dealt with

Similar Essays

19th Century American Expansion Essay

1350 words - 5 pages nations as exports increased and policy-makers argued about the importance of foreign markets, (Mogren, 2007).ReferencesByrne, J. (2007). In The 19th Century. (sect. Roman Catholics and Immigration in Nineteenth-Century America). Retrieved June 2, 2007, from http://www.nhc.rtp.nc.us/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo/nromcath.htm(2007). In US History Encyclopedia. (sect. Sectionalism). Retrieved June 2, 2007, from http://www.answers.com/topic

Diseases In 19th Century America Essay

994 words - 4 pages characterized by periodic bouts of intense fever, caused by parasites, and spread by mosquitoes, was once widespread in North America and other temperate regions, but the last outbreak occurred in the late 19th century. It is an ancient disease, described by Hippocrates during the 400s B.C., but its cause was not learned until the late 1800's, when the French surgeon Charles Alphonse Laveran identified the malaria parasite in the blood of a patient

To What Extent Did The Railroad Affect Westward Expansion In 19th Century America?

2053 words - 9 pages A: Plan of the Investigation This investigation evaluated: To what extent does the railroad affect westward expansion in 19th century America? In order to assess its contribution, the investigation focused on the construction and expansion of the railroads westward; evaluating how and to what extent the western frontier used the railroads. This is done by assessing who the first settlers were, what the trains were transporting between the East

Opium In America During The 19th Century

1101 words - 4 pages Opium in Nineteenth Century America Opiate is a term used to include narcotic drugs derived from opium. Drugs such as morphine, heroin, and codeine are all drugs that come from opium. Opium smoking began only after the early Europeans in North America discovered the Indian practice of smoking tobacco in pipes. Some smokers began to mix opium with tobacco in their pipes, and smoking gradually became the preferred method of taking opium. Opium was