This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Views On Slavery By Higginbotham, Jr.,Winthrop D. Jordan, And Edmund S. Morgan

2002 words - 9 pages

A Leon Higginbotham Jr.’s argument in The Ancestry of Inferiority (1619-1662), is that the people of Virginia had already began to think of black people, be it they were free or indentured servants, as inferior to themselves before slavery was institutionalized. The Colonist’s had already begun to strategize legalities in regards on how black people were to be disciplined. Higginbotham has two reasons why Africans were not afforded the same liberties as that of the white indentured servants in Virginia. The first reason he states is that the majority of white indentured servants came to Virginia on their own free will. Once they had completed their five or seven-year contract with their master, they were free to buy land and begin working for themselves. Unlike the African’s that he claims were brought here against their will or for desperation. The second reasoning is that the English thought that the black represented evil or danger and because African’s skin coloring was black, they must be evil. Higginbotham offers a couple of examples representing just how the English prior to the actual term of slavery being used, were already creating a racial difference in the judicial system. From court cases that he has reviewed, he states one must find what the case is not saying verses what it is. When the English identified people with names the only time skin color was not used in context is when that person was a white person. Another case he made use of is a good example of black inferiority to white superiority in the early 17th century is in the case In Re Graweere, 1641. The court made certain that a particular African father had no value in society when attempting to get his child back. However, because his son was baptized a Christian and the child’s Godfather which happened to be the man’s master was white, the court without actually coming out and saying it, implied that his master is much more capable of caring and educating the child than the child’s own biological father.
Higginbotham’s, The Ancestry of Inferiority is a social history. He does not exactly use the word racism in his essay, however in a roundabout way it is exactly what he is referring to. White man is racist and therefore has no scruples on their treatment of inferiority to African’s than to another person. This essay slightly hinges on diplomatic history as well. The courts in Virginia, either not realizing it or perhaps thinking ahead to the future, were already framing the ground rules to ensure the African’s were going to know their place in society. He clearly outlines four cases from Virginia that he states must be clearly comprehended and read in between the lines to understand when black inferiority came into existence. Minutes of the Council and General Court of Colonial Virginia and especially quoting Thomas Jefferson from the Notes of the State of Virginia, are just a couple of sources that Higginbotham has referenced for this essay. He...

Find Another Essay On Views on Slavery by Higginbotham, Jr.,Winthrop D. Jordan, and Edmund S. Morgan

The Different Views on Slavery by Shakespeare and Defoe

1817 words - 7 pages -servant relationship in Robinson Crusoe is healthier compared to Prospero’s master- servant relationship because of the way that Crusoe addresses the issue of slavery, race, and class. In the works by Defoe, Crusoe is shipwrecked and ends up on a deserted island where he spends nearly thirty years in solitude and is destined to meet a man who would become his faithful servant and slave name Friday. When Friday first encounters Crusoe; Crusoe saves

Henry D. Thoreau's views on nature, society, and man

1520 words - 6 pages Thoreau Views on Nature, Society, and ManHenry David Thoreau's life began on July 12, 1817 in Concord, Massachusetts. At a young age he began to show an interest in writing. In 1833, at the age of sixteen, Thoreau was accepted to Harvard University. Although his parents could not afford the cost of tuition, his family offered to help with the funds, and in August he entered Harvard. In 1837 he graduated and applied for a teaching position at a

The Contrasting Views of Roger Williams and John Winthrop

799 words - 4 pages The Contrasting Views of Roger Williams and John Winthrop People immigrated to America for many reasons, most people shared in the same ideas of going to the New World to start new lives away from England. Roger Williams and John Winthrop both joined in the Puritan dissent to New England, but while they were living in Boston, Massachusetts they did not agree on several matters. These two men had contrasting views when it came to Christianity

George Washington's Views on Slavery

1795 words - 7 pages short-comings, forefront in the setting of conflicting political agendas and the nation's revolutionary climate, prevented this founding father from actively pursuing the nationwide emancipation of slaves. Prior and during the American Revolution, little was written by Washington on his feelings about slavery. In the last year of the war and thereafter, more attention was spent by Washington on the issue of slavery. On February 5, 1783

Slavery and Christian Values in Uncle Tom´s Cavin by Harriet Beecher Stowe

1685 words - 7 pages . When it comes to the incompatibility of Slavery and Christians Values, to better understand there are two main characters we can take. That is Uncle Tom and the slave hunter Tom Loker, both of whom were tested at some point in their lives. Loker learns that not only are Christianity and slavery incompatible, on the other hand it can be used to actually fight slavery; when he is pushed off of the cliff and was healed by the deeply religious Quakers

Candidtates Views on Education, Environment, and Women´s Health in the Race for Virginia´s Next Governor

781 words - 4 pages During the race for Virginia’s next governor, many issues played a key role in debates held between the candidates. These issues were prevalent in their campaigns and received a lot of attention by both the media and the voting public. Terry McAuliffe, Ken Cuccinelli, and Robert Sarvis all had differing opinions on several big issues within the state of Virginia. The issues of education, the environment, and women’s health were issues that I

Hurt People Hurt People by S. D. Wilson

1449 words - 6 pages Summary of Theory In “Hurt People Hurt People” (2001) Wilson is candid about her personal hurts and how these have lead her to her personal theory, which may be summarized by the title of her book, and that there are no quick fixes to healing, it is a lifelong process. She emphasizes that it is in the recognition of hurts and identifying who we are in God and growing in dependence on Him that healing is found. Wilson states, “change

The Views and Lifestyles of Slaves During Slavery

3344 words - 13 pages oppressing white minority would continue and would expand into different areas and social groups well to present day. With information taken from Harriet Jacobs's Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl and a narrative Memories of Childhood's Slavery Days written by Annie L. Burton this paper will examine the life styles and views that slaves possessed during slavery and what life was like for them after gaining their

Cathy's Book by Sean Stewart, Jordan Weisman, and Cathy Briggs

1310 words - 5 pages Cathy's Book by Sean Stewart, Jordan Weisman, and Cathy Briggs is a break-out Young Adult first published September 12, 2006. A following of about 1000 members online of all ages and genders, it sold 6,000 copies in a meer 3 months of being published, and number 7 on the New York Times Best Seller list. And those are just the book's stats. Cathy herself is a very popular character with 1,200 friends on Myspace, 22 followers on Flickr, and 1,863

Inner journeys and "My Place" by Sally Morgan

651 words - 3 pages The longest journey of a person is the journey inward, Dag Hammerskjvld. An inner journey is a powerful voyage of the mind, soul and spirit that impacts on all aspects of a persons life. Inner journeys provide personal, spiritual and intellectual growth and development. Experiences that allow personal development and growth will change the way that some aspects of life is viewed. Daisy and Gladys embark upon inner explorations about acceptance

Bioliographic Information on Slavery and Colonial Rule in French West Africa by Martin Klein

1324 words - 6 pages Bibliographic Information: Klein, Martin A., Slavery And Colonial Rule in French West Africa, 1998, Cambridge University Press The book bears importance in being one of the few studies about domestic slavery within the French West Africa. It contributes to the field of study, by elaborating on the importance of slavery in Senegal, Sudan and Guinea in Africa’s development. The period of the study lies from 1876 to 1922, wherein Klein ultimately

Similar Essays

Slavery And Freedom: The American Paradox By Edmund Morgan

2220 words - 9 pages Elizabeth II. The letters patents, granted by the Queenes Majestie to M. Walter Ralegh, now Knight, for the discovering and planting of new lands and Countries, to continue the space of 6 yeeres and no more. Virginia: University of Virginia (etext). Online Morgan, Edmund. “The Labor Problem at Jamestown”. The American Historical Review. Online Morgan, Edmund. "Slavery and Freedom: The American Paradox." JSTOR. http://www.jstor.org/stable/info

Benjamin Franklin Written By Edmund S. Morgan

720 words - 3 pages The name of the book I reviewed was Benjamin Franklin written by Edmund S. Morgan, published by Yale University Press in 2002. The author states the purpose of writing this book was to expose the true Benjamin Franklin that has been misrepresented by scholars in the past. Morgan used the numerous letters Franklin exchanged between his friends and an autobiography to develop this book.The book begins by the author asking his readers to overcome

Analysis Of White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward The Negro By Winthrop D. Jordan

1181 words - 5 pages Analysis of White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro by Winthrop D. Jordan Winthrop D. Jordan author of White Over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro 1550-1812, expresses two main arguments in explaining why Slavery became an institution. He also focuses attention on the initial discovery of Africans by English. How theories on why Africans had darker complexions and on the peculiarly savage behavior they exhibited

The Puritan Dilemma Responds To Questions: According To Edmund Morgan, What Was The "Puritan Dilemma?" How Did The Puritans And/Or Winthrop Address This Dilemma?

1306 words - 5 pages had protected his experiment with a godly society by whatever means necessary.In The Puritan Dilemma, Edmund Morgan delineates John Winthrop's response to the question of what responsibility a man owes to society. Winthrop makes his convictions clear that one must confront worldly temptations and resist the easier path of simply avoiding them. He justified colonization as a means of reforming the Church of England whose standards were too low, only