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Vigilant Decision Making Model Essay

1439 words - 6 pages

Decision Making Model AnalysisThe definition of decision making according to Wikipedia is "the cognitive process of selecting a course of action from among multiple alternatives" (2006, ¶ 1). Every decision made creates a final choice. Decision making begins when one needs to accomplish something but is unsure how. Decision making can be a rational or irrational reasoning process (Wikipedia, 2006).Many decision-making models have been developed. One of the models is the Vigilant decision making model. This model provides a framework for the Pathway Evaluation Program. The Pathway Evaluation Program uses this model as a tool to evaluate entering the medical and pharmaceutical fields. The Vigilant decision-making model is applicable to any career-option decision. The American Pharmacists Association claims this model to be "alert, thorough, open, and persistent in looking at and evaluating different possibilities" 2003, ¶ 1).The first step of the Vigilant decision-making process is appraising the challenge. In this step, one should determine the importance of informed decision-making and acknowledge the consequences of making a passive decision. In making career decisions, a person needs to recognize the importance of taking an active role rather than assuming things will work out. Making a career decision is a difficult task that requires thought and time. Problems will occur if one underestimates the demands of the task or postpones the task (APha, 2003).The second step is assessing oneself. A person should conduct a thorough self-analysis and assess goals, values, strengths, skills, interests, and preferences. To make a good career decision requires self-knowledge. Self-examination is a difficult task for many people. Making the correct career decision requires an analysis of personal traits (APha, 2003).Step three is surveying alternatives. Many career paths are available, and one can rule out many options right away. This could be because one does not have the time, energy, or resources to review all possibilities, or one already has an idea what he or she wants to do. A person may overlook exciting possibilities in skipping this step (APha, 2003).The fourth step is evaluating alternatives. In this step, a person has a list of alternatives and needs to evaluate them. The person searches for new information, matches the self-assessment with the career options, and considers both the positive and negative consequences of all alternatives. Matching preferences and priorities to options that are attractive is important. A person needs to remain open and objective when evaluating the alternatives. Sometimes in this step, steps 2 and 3 may need revisiting (APha, 2003).The fifth and final step is achieving commitment. After reviewing all the factors, reaching a conclusion is the last step. People must decide the best course of action, which includes a contingency plan in case the first choice does not work out. One must be both intuitive...

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