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Vincent Van Gogh. Essay

1034 words - 4 pages

Vincent Van Gogh - life, work & influencesIntroductionPost impressionism is the name applied to several styles of painting that arose in western Europe, especially France, in the 1880's and 1890's. Postimpressionism followed the art movement known as impressionism.Impressionist painters sought to capture a direct experience of the natural world. They rebelled against the idealized, carefully finished paintings of the prevailing academic style. Unlike the academic painters, the impressionists did not try to give their art a theoretical, moral, or emotional significance. The postimpressionists attempted to move beyond the ideas and techniques of impressionism. Postimpressionist painters added emotional or symbolic meanings to their work. In this way they helped bring about the transition from impressionism's faithfulness to nature to Fauvism, cubism, and abstract styles of the 1900's.The English art critic Roger Fry coined the term postimpressionism in 1910 for an exhibition of modern painting he organized in London. The most important postimpressionists were the French artists Georges Seurat, Paul Gauguin, and Paul Cezanne; and the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh.In this essay, I will be discussing the life of Van GoghVan Gogh, a Dutchman who lived in France, expressed his passionate emotions in colourful paintings of everyday objects and events.Vincent Van GoghVan Gogh, Vincent (1853-1890), is one of the most famous painters in modern art. Yet during his lifetime, he received no recognition and sold only one painting. Van Gogh failed in every career he attempted and felt unloved and friendless. He turned to art to express his strong religious feelings and his deep need for love and respect. During the last five years of his life, van Gogh completed more than 800 oil paintings.Van Gogh was born in Groot-Zundert, near Breda, the Netherlands, the son of a minister. When he was 16 years old, his parents sent him to The Hague to work for an uncle who was an art dealer. Between 1873 and 1876, he worked for art dealers in London and Paris. But van Gogh was unsuited for a business career.In 1878, van Gogh applied for admission to a theological school but was rejected. He then decided to become an unordained preacher and received his training from a missionary society in Brussels, Belgium. Late in 1878, van Gogh represented the society as a minister in the Borinage, a poor coal-mining district in Belgium. He took his work so seriously that he went without food and other necessities so he could give more to the poor. The missionary society objected to van Gogh's unorthodox behaviour and relieved him in the summer of 1879. Van Gogh began to draw while in the Borinage, and late in 1880 he decided to become a painter.He was largely a self-taught painter, although he received some help from his cousin, Mauve.Van Gogh's first pictures were still lifes and scenes of peasants at work. He favoured dark brown and olive colours and heavy brushstrokes. They are...

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