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Violation Of Human Rights: Homosexuality And Military

2741 words - 11 pages

Introduction
Homosexuality is a recent issue in our society. This paper will analyze few different topics which come up with the theme of homosexuality. First of all, it will analyze the military approach to the LGB (lesbian, gay, bisexual) community in various countries around the world. Furthermore, it will explore the topic of Don't Ask Don't Tell policy (DADT) enforced in the 90s in USA.
First of all, I would like to explain why did I chose the case of military „gayban“ in the United States of America. It is said that USA is the most democratic country in the world. And yet, there is a possibility of existence of such a ridiculous policy in a country, which is supposed to have protection of human rights on top of its list. Another reason is, that this policy is not compatible with the laws of the US. In spite of that, it existed for almost 20 years.
Moreover, this paper will show the reasons why was it possible, it will argument for and against the policy, name countries with gay bans and which countries provide a military gay-friendly enviroment. Lastly, it will analyze the situation of my home country, Slovakia, in terms of military and society's approach to homosexuals.

Military approach to homosexuals around the world
We do not live in a democratic world yet. Homosexuality is not a widely accepted term. In many countries around the world there are still high restrictions against homosexual behaviour. In five countries (Mauritania, Iran, Sudan, Yemen and Saudi Arabia) it is punishable by death. In many others, it is criminalized and forbidden by law too. Those who violate the law might even spend their life-time in prison (Fisher, 2013).
Naturally, this reflects on the military approach to homosexuals of each country. It is forbidden for gays to serve their country in a big part of Africa, Middle East and Asia. Mostly, these countries are known for their opposing attitude towards homosexuality (North Korea, Egypt, Saudia Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Belarus and so on). But one country stood out from the democratic world. It is the United States of America (Esquire, 2010).
In the second half of 20th century, the democratic part of the world has been opening up to the acceptance of homosexual minority in every sphere of life. Specifically in military, couple of liberal countries like Israel, Australia or Netherlands lift the gay ban on military soldiers. On the other hand, the US enforced the Don't Ask Don't Tell policy (CNN, 2010).

Historical Background of Don't Ask Don't Tell
Eventhough the DADT policy comes form the president Clinton's era, its roots go further back in the history. The antipathy to homosexuals in military is older than United States themselves.
There was a long-standing policy working in the military that service members who were found homosexuals or engaged in homosexual conduct were court-martialed for sodomy, imprisoned and dishonorably discharged (Bérubé, 1990).
However, coming to 20th century, with...

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