Women and Children are Still Property of Men
The purpose of this paper is to explore patriarchal values that reinforce violence towards women in intimate partner relationships. This paper argues that patriarchy and the social construction of masculinity reproduce male violence against women. The following sub-issues that that will be discussed are patriarchy, capitalism, the religion of Islam, and the construction of masculinity and femininity. All the sub-issues encompass patriarchy values which allows inmate partner violence.
First and foremost, patriarchy is socially constructed which privileges men to dominate women both structurally and ideologically (Hunnicutt, 2009). Patriarchy can serve as a macro level which can involve bureaucracies and economics but can also serve as a micro level within a family and patterned behaviours between intimate partners (Hunnicutt, 2009). There is a correlation between the social structure of patriarchy and violence against women but it is not a direct cause of women abuse. Connell (1998) claims that the domination of men over women does not mean violence towards females directly but it can be supported by force (Connell, 1998). Dobash and Dobash (1979), states that patriarchal domination through force is reinforced by this social system which of allows gender hierarchy in relationships and makes it hard for women to face against dominance and control because her gender is socially constructed as wrong and subordinate. It is not just individualized but socially constructed that women struggle inside her home to be subjugated by her intimate partner and still face outside her home the shame and will usually remain silent about her abuse. Dobash and Dobash (1979) argue that historically male violence towards women is related to unequal status, authority, and the control over women that was widely accepted in society in the past but today in Canada the legacy of patriarchy implicitly continues. Men are still to be considered the head of the household and many use force against their intimate partners(Dobash and Dobash, 1979). Therefore, patriarchy reinforces gender inequality because of gender hierarchies imbalance of power relations in intimate relationships. p ->
The economics of intimate partner relationships play a role in patriarchy and the reinforcement of women abuse. Martin (1981) states that meritocracy is a discourse that everyone has equal opportunity in the workforce. It fails to recognize the barriers that prevent people from having the same opportunities as others. For instance, women face many social pressures that prevent them from working in the public sphere such as discrimination, sexism, being pushed down to apply for certain jobs because it dominated by males and may not have the physical requirement like body mass. Martin (1981) argues that capitalism supports patriarchal families and the idea that a woman's place is considered to be in the private...