Violence against women is not a problem of today; it is rooted decades before. It is present all over the world .The condition is getting worse day by day. It is crossing all the borders and races. Violence against women is a very serious and sensitive issue as it is one of the most pervasive of human rights violation denying fundamental rights to almost half of population (females and girls).Domestic violence is much more drastic than violence outside because home is a place where individual seeks love, security, safety and shelter but we can’t deny the fact that it is also a place that imperils lives. Violence includes harassment, maltreatment, brutality, cruelty, physical injury or attempting to place a woman in fear of injury or psychological violence. Impact of physical violence may be more visible than psychological violence but repeated humiliation restricted social mobility and denial of economic resources is more subtle and insidious forms of violence ; makes a woman mentally destabilized and powerless . In India patriarchy and gender discrimination are the main reasons of violence perperiated against women and girls. Violence against women is a global issue; it’s a stigma on civilized society which is compelling intellectuals to focus on this alarming situation. So many laws are introduced day by day to eradicate the problem but it is not so easy to overcome it without awakening of society. In this paper an attempt has been made to analyze the causes and its impact on victim.
Keywords: Violence, Discrimination, Patriarchal values.
Throughout the world, India is known as a country of Gods and Goddesses where women are highly esteemed. But violence against women is drastic in India .Its not a current problem, violence against women too remained in the era of Ramayana and Mahabharata. Today also the situation remains the same as the legacy of past being transferred to future. The women condition day by day is getting worse as they are ill-treated deprived of their right to life, personal liberty and self-identity which are provided to them under constitution of India. It is very difficult to define violence. It is present in various forms in our society. Violence not only includes physical torture and injury but also verbal insult, eve teasing, rebuke ,sexual harassment, rape,threats, deprivations, restrictions, discriminations, obstructions, confinement and many more. According to the declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1993, defines violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm, or suffering to women including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty; whether occurring in public or private life” (Patil.137).
Violence against women starts at conception and carries on through their entire life. Since their birth girls...