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Violence Against The Muslims In India

1003 words - 5 pages

What is a caste system? In India, the caste system could be explained as an elaborately strictly organized social hierarchy that distinguishes India’s social structure apart from any other realm. It’s history is intricate and complex. With a religious foundation and based on a discord of labor, the caste system, along with other aspects, states what types of professions a person can pursue and the social relations one is allowed to have. India’s caste system is divided into four main classes: Brahmin which contains scriptural teachers, Kshatriya which takes on all forms of public service and maintenance of law and order, Vaishya which participate in corporate endeavor as businessmen, and Shudra which work as lower-skilled laborers. In 1900, India was part of the British Empire; but by the end of 1947, India had achieved independence. The caste system has no validity in India. Discrimination against lower classes is illegal in India under Article 15 of its constitution. However, random caste-related refinement and violence continue to be testified. Since the 1950s, the nation has proclaimed many laws and social plans to protect and recover the socioeconomic conditions of its lower caste population, which was transformed from a primary symbol of modernity and cultural variety into a location of intense ethnic struggle and violent self-government.
For the majority of the nineteenth century, India was ruled by the British.
As early as 1917, Britain had played with the notion of giving India a partial measure of self-government: "the gradual development of self-governing institutions with a view to the progressive realization of responsible government in India as an integral part of the British Empire". In 1919, the Government of India Act was introduced. This presented a national assembly with two houses for India. About 5 million of the richest Indians were given the right to vote, which was a very small percentage of the total population. Inside the local governments, ministers of education, health and public workers could now be Indian inhabitants. An instruction would be held in 1929, to see if India was ready for more allowances and reforms. However, the British still kept control over all the central government and within the local governments, the British kept control of the key posts of taxes and law and order. The reforms were introduced and spread very slowly which angered many as there was a overall belief that the British were stalling on purpose to prolong the introducing of these reforms to guarantee their continued sovereignty in India. Riots did break out and the most famous was at Amritsar in the Punjab where 379 unarmed protesters were shot dead by British soldiers based there. Gandhi convinced many of his supporters to use non-violent protests. When they went on strike the stayed sitting down, they refused to work, they refused to pay their taxes and proceeding by other means as well. If the British reacted in a heavy-handed...

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