May 3, 2017
Violent Children in Lord of the Flies
In the novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding, the argument of nature versus nurture comes into account. The author portrays the nurture aspect through the boys, who gradually over time start to become evil due to the circumstances they are in. The loss of innocence, loss of civilization, and loss of humanity are all the result.
When a plane of school boys crash onto a deserted island, the idea of survival is the main thing on their minds. With no adults present, the boys must take on responsibilities that adults possess. This means the boys will have to change their mindset and attitude, changing their child-like qualities and replacing them with a more mature outlook. The boys have to come up with a plan in order to survive and attempt to get rescued, they decide to create a political platform which consists of laws and orders that the group must obey in order to maintain a stable community for the time being. An important symbol in the novel was the conch, it represents order and conversational meetings that are assembled to inform and allow the boys to get the chance to speak about the group’s problems and concerns. Ralph being the leader possesses the conch, “They obeyed the summons of the conch, partly because Ralph blew it, and he was big enough to be a link with the adult world of authority” (50). This quotation shows how the boys of the group see Ralph as a more adult figure instead of a child, this results to loss of his innocence. In order to survive, food is the number one factor needed. The boys understand that without the essential nutrients, they could possibly die. Ralph summons Jack the role of a hunter. This means he would have to hunt and kill animals for the group to eat. Killing any living thing is hard and can create drastic damage on the mental health of a person. Jack was unable to kill on his first hunt, “They knew very well why he hadn’t [killed the pig]: because of the enormity of the knife descending and the cutting into living flesh; because of the unbearable blood” (31). This quotation describes why Jack was unsuccessful with his first hunting experience, showing how the idea of murdering another and committing to it is the reason for the loss of his innocence. In the beginning, the boys had to change who they are in order to create a society that would thrive and be able to survive for the time being on the island. By changing their mindset to take on responsibilities is the main reason why their innocence was lost, “We did everything adults would do, what went wrong?” (171). This quotation showed how the boys are aware of the fact that they have to dispose of their childhood to strive to be rescued off of the island.
The boys were on the island for a considerable amount of time, with any society following rules and regulations everyday can result to backlashes throughout the group. Later in...