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Virginia Dui Laws And Consequences Essay

886 words - 4 pages

A law is a set of rules made by the government of a specific country or state. If those rules are not followed, there are penalties that will be enforced. New York was the first state to enforce drunk-driving laws in 1910. Immediately, California enforced drunk-driving laws and the remaining forty-eight states followed. During the 1930s, The American Medical Association started a committee to examine the most common problems that lead to vehicle accidents. The National Safety Council also set up a study to develop tests that could be used to determine intoxication. The groups found that a driver with a BAC (blood alcohol concentration) of 0.15 percent or higher could be presumed to be inebriated, while a driver with a blood alcohol concentration under 0.15 could not.
Groups like, Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) and Students Against Drunk Driving (SADD) during the 1970’s helped to change the way laws were enforced by the police. The pressure from these groups led to many changes in DUI laws like raising the legal drinking age to 21 years old in all 50 states. The blood alcohol concentration level was changed from 0.15 percent and lowered to .08 percent. Zero Tolerance laws were also enforced in many states. Zero Tolerance law made it illegal for anyone under the age 21 to drive a vehicle with a blood alcohol concentration of 0.01 percent. State laws implemented penalties on drunk drivers, which included, but were not limited to, paying fines, imprisonment, loss of vehicles and driving privileges.
In Virginia, if you are under 21 years old with a blood alcohol concentration of .02 percent you are considered driving under the influence. An offender who is 21 years old or older and blood alcohol concentration is .08 percent you are driving under the influence. Virginia has also adopted the consent law. If you refuse to take a sobriety test you will automatically get a fine and license suspension. Your second refusal will get you 3-year license suspension (if your prior refusal occurred within 10 years) and 10 days minimum in jail (if the prior offense occurred more than 5 years ago, but less than 10 years ago). Third refusal your license is suspended for 3 years (if prior refusals occurred within 10 years) and 90 days in jail. If you go to court and are convicted of driving under the influence the consequences are different. The first conviction there is a five to ten day jail time (depending on your BAL), a $250 fine add $500-$1000 fine (if passenger under 18 in vehicle license suspension), 1year license suspension,...

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