Virtue Essay

1137 words - 5 pages

Virtue

Virtues contribute to people’s actions in today’s society. Society as a whole has a common set of virtues that many people agree on. In today’s society, these are known as laws. Virtues also mold the individual outlook on life, and give them the moral’s to do what is right. In The Republic, Plato divides the city into three classes: gold, silver, as well as bronze and iron souls. Each class is designated to posses a specific virtue. He believes that wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice combine together to form The Republic. However, Plato’s four virtues individually do not necessarily produce a utopian society. A combination of the four in each citizen is imperative in producing the ideal society. In Plato’s search for the perfect "republic", he decides that the basis of the city will be on four virtues. The first of them is wisdom. Plato defines wisdom, in Greek terms "Sophia", as knowledge of the city as a whole. Of the three classes, the gold souls posses the virtue of wisdom. The gold souls are the only class whose knowledge goes beyond the mere facts to the level of true wisdom. "…This class, which properly has a share in that knowledge which alone among the various kinds of knowledge ought to be called wisdom, has, as it seems, the fewest members by nature" (429a). The second virtue that Plato defines is courage, which in Greek terms is "Andreia". Courage is the preservation of the opinion produced by law, through education about what things are terrible, and what things are good. Courage can be found in the silver souls. Plato uses the example that when dyers want to dye wool, they start with the background. They need the right kind of white material, and they have to prepare it carefully; and if they go to this trouble, you can not bleach the color out. If they do a poor job of it, the cloth quickly becomes washed-out and faded. Plato used the dyeing analogy to state how he wishes to train the silver souls (429d- 430b). He states that the people will undergo a precise training. Certain music and physical activity will only be allowed. Plato wanted a good upbringing to make the right ideas permanent in them, so that the bleach of pleasure, grief, fear, or death, would not wash the true colors from their souls. "For, in my opinion, you regard the right opinion about these same things that comes to be without education- that found in beast and slaves- as not at all lawful and call it something other than courage" (430b). Once they got to this point of having a clear, firm grasp of what is really dangerous to a man, they knew their only task was to show courage. The third virtue in The Republic, is moderation. The Greek term for moderation is Sophrosune. Plato defines moderation as the kind of accord and harmony between the bronze and silver souls. Moderation is the ability to control desires and to be the master of ones self. There are two things at work in a man’s heart. One is good, and one is bad. The bad can overwhelm...

Find Another Essay On Virtue

Virtue Ethics Essay

1058 words - 5 pages After reading the Books I AND II of Aristotle, “Nichomachean Ethics” on the nature of virtue, I have an idea more clearly about virtue. First we have to understand what means these words. Also, I researched more concerning to this topic virtue ethics. Will see in this essay how Aristotle ideas help us to pursuit our happiness or Good life to man with virtue. What virtues we have to do to be happy and have good life? In this project will

Can virtue be taught? Essay

1209 words - 5 pages In this paper, I will exam Plato’s idea of “virtue is knowledge” to understand “can virtue be taught”. In my opinion, Plato does not strictly proves “virtue is knowledge”; instead, he believes that “virtue is the gift of God”. “Can virtue be taught?” This is question Plato is trying to answer in Meno. This problem is important and serious, because its answer directly concerns a question about how we understand and position education. The reason

Can virtue be taught?

555 words - 2 pages lthough today's society includes much technology and new things are supposedly being discovered every day, many age old questions still remain unanswered; questions such as: "Can virtue be taught?" This question is examined in detail throughout Plato's Meno, and although the play leaves the question as to what virtue is unanswered, Socrates attempts an answer to Meno's question. Although he is not particularly keen on answering

Virtue ethics IA

1007 words - 5 pages Virtue ethics is currently one of three major approaches in normative ethics. It may, initially, be identified as the one that emphasizes the virtues, or moral character, in contrast to the approach which emphasizes duties or rules (deontology) or that which emphasizes the consequences of actions (consequentialism). Suppose it is obvious that someone in need should be helped. A utilitarian will point to the fact that the consequences of doing so

Virtue Vs Evil

646 words - 3 pages We’re grasped in a world, influenced among two entities that reign parallel over mankind, virtue and evil. The acts of benevolence and malevolence have since the beginning generation, created a contrast, a balance of powers. No one human is deprived of standards of virtue and evil perhaps only perpetrated through nature or blessed through proper guidance, as professed by Aristotle. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s 17th-century, romanticist novel The

Kantian vs. Virtue Ethics

1673 words - 7 pages Both Kantian and virtue ethicists have differing views about what it takes to be a good person. Kantian ethicists believe that being a good person is strictly a matter of them having a “good will.” On the other hand, virtue ethicists believe that being a good person is a matter of having a good character, or being naturally inclined to do the right thing. Both sides provide valid arguments as to what is the most important when it comes to

Virtue Ethics Approach

1011 words - 4 pages 1. Identify the main pros and cons of a virtue ethics approach? The virtue ethics approach is a theory that suggests that people are judged via their character, not specific actions. An individual who has developed good character traits (virtues) is judged as a morally good person. An individual who has developed bad character traits (vices) is judged as a morally bad person. Most of us have a mixture or virtues and vices. There are many pros

Virtue in Telemachus’ Life

1236 words - 5 pages adult man capable of making virtuous decisions and acting with the honor that is required of a virtuous man of the Greek world and Christian world. Virtue in the Greek world was determined mainly by how one is viewed by others. This was an important notion for the Greeks, since their society was very aggressive. The world of the Odyssey was fiercely competitive, as each hero strove to outdo the other (Finley 118). This competitive attitude stems from

The Virtue of Discrimination

1119 words - 4 pages The Virtue of Discrimination Discrimination is a word that has taken on a negative connotation in today's society. Since the beginning of the equal rights movement, the perceived meaning of the word discrimination has shifted from that of a useful virtue to one of an insulting, derogatory word. Robert Keith Miller wrote an essay for Newsweek in the summer of 1980 that focuses on the discrepancies in the use of the word discrimination

Antigone- Bastion of Virtue

1653 words - 7 pages "laws the gods all hold in honor", Creon disintegrated his own virtue and the virtue of Thebes itself (Sophocles, Antigone). Therefore, the actions of Antigone should not be met with stoning, but with honor and praise. For she is fighting an injustice within our laws and preserving justice, "the bond of men" (Aristotle, Politics). As Aristotle writes, the human soul is capable of understanding, free will, planning, and deliberation. Due to

Virtue of Aristotelian Ethics

3683 words - 15 pages TitleAristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is among the most significant philosophical texts regarding ethical theory in the history of the discipline. It uses a continuum based system in its assessment of virtue and vice, and is the most ubiquitous example of what is generally referred to as virtue (or aretaic) ethics. Virtue ethics constitute one of the most common approaches to studying ethics, along with consequentialist and deontological

Similar Essays

Virtue Ethics Essay

583 words - 2 pages Ethics 5Running Head: VIRTUE ETHICSVirtue Ethics[Writer Name][Institute Name][Date]  Virtue EthicsIntroductionVirtue ethics has been originated many years ago in different societies that conform on safety and well being of other individuals in the society. The ethics focus on what a person able to do rather than what the person is unable to do. The character of an individual throughout his life is shaped by factors such as beliefs

Virtue Theory Essay

2522 words - 10 pages Virtue theory is a branch of moral philosophy which lays emphasis on character rather than rules and consequences as the key element of ethical thinking. Virtue theory goes back to the Ancient Greeks who introduced concepts such as arête (excellence or virtue), phronesis (practical or moral wisdom) and eudaimonia (flourishing).PlatoAccording to Plato, one should try to do the right thing or be good because it is in one's own self-interest

Virtue Ethics Essay

627 words - 3 pages What kind of person should I be? In dealing with the question with virtue ethics, moral dilemmas such as this question will be investigated in order to compare differences and advantages as well as problems. Ethically speaking is doing what is right and if a person in question has good character and motivation she is behaving ethically. Virtue ethics is a very different approach to the other work by Aristotle. It does not primarily

Virtue Ethics Essay 1187 Words

1187 words - 5 pages Virtue, when I hear that word I think of value and morality and only good people can be virtuous. When I hear the word ethics I think of good versus evil, wrong and right. Now when the two are put together you get virtue ethics. You may wonder what can virtue ethics possibly mean. It’s just two words put together to form some type of fancy theory. Well this paper will discuss virtue ethics and the philosophy behind it. Virtue ethics is a theory