Vlad The Impaler: The Real Dracula

1200 words - 5 pages

For almost a millenium, the lands in the Carpathian-Danubian-Pontic area were ploundered by the migratory people. Beginning with the 10th and 11th centuries, the Eastern part of Europe begins to be threatened by the last large migratory vallum, made of Turkish nations. Towards the 16th century, a great danger seems to appear at the Europen borders: the expansion of the Ottoman Empire.In those times, Romania was divided into three provences: The Romanian Country (Wallachia), Moldavia and Transiylvania. The Romanian Country had the Black Sea in the East, the Ottoman Empire in the South and Moldavia and Transylvania in the North. Between 1389-1402 the ruler of the Ottoman Empire was Sultane Baiazid (nicknamed The Lightning). The Romanian Country was ruled by Mircea the Old, one of the greatest leaders of the Romanian army, who defeated two large military expeditions commanded by Baiazid. After his death (1418) a period of high political instability breaks out and there are also internal fights regarding the heirs of the throne, between two royal families: the Danesti and the Draculesti.Vlad Tepes Dracula is the son of Vlad Dracul, one of the illegitimate sons of the Mircea the Old. In this period, at Nurenberg, Vlad Dracul obtains the alliance and the support of the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund of Luxemburg in order to gain the throne of the Romanian Country and he spends a period in Transylvania, being the protege of the great emperor. Now he gets married with one of the daughters of Moldavia's ruler and he lives, for a period, in Sighisoara. He has two sons, Mircea and Vlad, who get a special education, the Occidental influence interfering with the Oriental one.In 1436, Vlad Dracul becomes the ruler of the Romanian Country, supported by Iancu of Hunedoara. In the meantime the Ottoman army is in a great rising, The Emperor Sigismund of Luxemburg dies and his death leads to the weakening of the anti-Ottoman front. The Turkish army conquers a part of Transylvania; Vlad Dracul has to join the Ottoman army but he is suspected for treason and is summoned to The Sublime Porte together with two of his sons. The contact with the Ottoman world is dour but it gives him the opportunity of finding out the Ottoman organization, habits and military technics and of learning the Turkish language. While Vlad Dracul and his sons, Vlad and Radu, are hostages here, the throne of the Romanian Country is under the rule of his elder son, Mircea. In 1443 he comes back to his throne, but his two sons Vlad and Radu are still kept hostages until 1448, when their father is killed.The name of Vlad Dracula is connected to the day of 8 February 1431, when his father, Vlad I, was invested by the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund of Luxemburg with the Order of Dragon ( Ordinis Draconis ) for having protected the catholicism against the Turcs. It consisted in badges and two flags with a cross on them; at ceremonies the Dragon knights used to wear red suits and a green silk mantie and,...

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