Vladimir Lenin officially took power of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic in 1917 with the Communist Party. The USSR broke into a civil war in 1918 occurring between the Red Army, consisting of Bolsheviks, and the White Army. The Red Army defeated the White Army by 1921 and the Communist Party gained complete power. Eventually the USSR was under War Communism, which further diminished its economy.
After Vladimir Lenin’s death, Joseph Stalin took control of Russia in 1924. He considered himself a Marxist. Stalin was a strong believer in Bolshevism and supported Lenin, until he came into power. Stalin eliminated everyone close to Lenin and established himself as dictator of Russia. He obliterated any opposition or anyone that challenged him. During the Great Purges of 1930s, Stalin executed or imprisoned 35,000 soldiers along with killing close to all significant leaders of the time. Though Stalin supported Lenin as a dictator, after Lenin’s death he stripped Russia of Lenin policies. Stalin began to form his own policies, which he enforced upon the people of Russia, under his dictatorship.
Research Stalin’s policy of collectivization. How did Stalin change Lenin’s policy? How did the Kulaks resist collectivization? What were the consequences of their resistance? Did the ends justify the means?
Joseph Stalin’s policies largely modified the Soviet Union between 1924-1941. He wished to grow Russia’s industry to be as developed and technologically advanced as countries such as Germany. His policy of collectivization was composed of the act of joining together farms to form large shared, or collective, farms. Stalin established policies to eradicate the rich farmers, known as Kulaks, of the Soviet Union. These farms were meant to stabilize the Soviet Union’s economy and provide the government with more money. The Kulaks protested collectivization by working with unwarranted fatigue and by disregarding given commands. However, in the end the resistance was ineffective and it did not justify the means.
War communism prevailed in Russia during the civil war between 1918 and 1921. It was established to manage the damage done by the civil war on the economy. War communism was an economic system in which all major industries were nationalized while workers were under strict regulation. The peasants made little effort to grown more than they needed because the surplus would be taken by the state. War communism became very disfavored by the peasant farmers. Due to the pressure of the resistance from the peasants, Vladimir Lenin was compelled to instill a new policy, known as The New Economic Policy (NEP).
The New Economic Policy was aimed towards the peasant farmers because Lenin wanted to obtain the farmers’ support. Under the New Economic Policy, all land was still owned by the government. Nevertheless, it allowed farmers to participate in trade with open markets. The government put a tax on all the manufactured goods and...