Vo Ip Research Problem Analysis

2026 words - 8 pages

Introduction:As networking technology continues to advance, a new application that started in the late 1990s has attracted a lot of people and businesses due to its cost savings in making long distance phone calls. That application is called Voice over IP. It is an umbrella term for a set of technologies that allow voice traffic to be carried over the Internet.This research paper will address the questions of what is Voice over IP, how does it work, how many ways we can place a phone call using it, what are the prices and features, and what are the advantages and disadvantage of using Voice over IP. This paper will also show the principles behind Voice over IP, its applications and the potential of this emerging technology, which might be replacing the traditional phone system sometime soon in the future.What is Voice over IP?Voice over IP (VoIP) is not a new network, but it is a new application on IP networks. VoIP is a technology that enables you to convert voice communication into data packets and transmit those packets via an IP network such as the Internet. VoIP converts the voice signal from your telephone into a digital signal that travels over the Internet then converts it back at the other end, so you can speak to anyone with a regular phone number. That is rather than placing your calls over telephone lines, you can place them over the Internet. If you have a reasonable quality Internet connection, you can get your phone service delivered to you through your Internet connection instead of from your local phone company. A lot of people have started using VoIP to replace their traditional phone service since VoIP service providers usually offer lower rates than the traditional phone companies. When placing a VoIP call using a phone with an adapter, you will hear a dial tone and dial just as you always have. VoIP may also allow you to make a call directly from a computer using a conventional telephone or a microphone. I will discuss this in detail later.Voice over IP, also called voice over Internet Telephony, "is technology that makes it possible to have a telephone conversation over the Internet or a dedicated Internet Protocol network instead of dedicated voice transmission lines. This allows the elimination of circuit switching and the associated waste of bandwidth. Instead packet switching is used, where IP packets with voice data are sent over the network only when data needs to be sent when a caller is talking" (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, para. 1). The term Internet Telephony has been generally applied to a family of applications that includes voice communication over a network using Internet Protocol. McKnight, Lehr, and Clark (2001) define Internet telephony as "the services, applications, and equipment for mediated human communication emerging from the convergence of the Internet and telecommunications."Traditional phone call process versus VOIP call process.Traditional telephone communication is connected through a Public...

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