Voltaire's "Candide" And Jonathan Swift's "Gulliver's Travels": Vehicles For Satire

781 words - 3 pages

Throughout Voltaire's Candide and Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, the main characters of the works (Candide and Gulliver respectively) serve as vehicles for satire through which the authors can convey their views. It is important to note that both Candide and Gulliver serve as irons throughout the book; that is to say, the reader is shown irony through the actions of these characters, while at the same time the characters are naïve and remain oblivious to their situation (on a satiric level, at least).Candide is a humorous tale by Voltaire satirizing the optimism promoted by the philosophers of Enlightenment era. Throughout his travels, Candide adheres to the teachings of his tutor, Pangloss, believing that "all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds." Candide is essentially Voltaire's answer to what he saw as an absurd belief proposed by the so-called "enlightened" optimists of his era. Voltaire simply refused to believe that what happens is always for the best.The attack on the statement that things are for "the best of all possible worlds" is a recurring theme throughout the entire novel, in which references to this claim satirically contrast with natural disaster and human wrongdoing. When reunited with the now-diseased Pangloss, Candide asks if the Devil is at fault. Pangloss simply responds that "the disease was a necessity in 'the best of all possible worlds', for it was brought to Europe by Columbus' men, who also brought chocolate and cochineal, two greater goods that well offset any negative effects of the disease'".Eventually though, due to a great number of misfortunes, Candide begins to "see through" the blind optimism to the sheer hopelessness of Pangloss' philosophy. Voltaire concludes the book by having Candide discover that "...work keeps us from three great evils; boredom, vice and need." Candide and his band of followers consider these words and decide that they "must cultivate their garden." Even though a philosopher of the Enlightenment himself, Voltaire uses Candide as a platform to criticize the blind optimism of his peers.Gulliver's Travels was written by Jonathan Swift, at a time of political change and scientific invention, and many of the events he describes in the book can easily be linked to contemporary events in Europe. One of the reasons that the stories are deeply amusing is that,...

Find Another Essay On Voltaire's "Candide" and Jonathan Swift's "Gulliver's Travels": vehicles for satire

Civil Laws and Religious Authority in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

1270 words - 5 pages silly egg law, points to huge ideas that affect every society. When Gulliver first awakes in Lilliput country, Swift has him strapped down staring at the sky, in a new land, with a new language, with new laws.  Swift, in a sense, straps us all down, to teach us about new perspectives and the importance of tolerance.  In Swift's inverted world, he parallels the Lilliputian conflict with the protestant reformation, argues for toleration of religious viewpoints and to not war over them, and instructs all lawmakers to be wary of creating laws that contradict religious teachings. Works Cited: Swift, Jonathan. Gulliver's Travels. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1959.

Term "Paper on Gulliver's Travels" Jonathan Swift's

1343 words - 5 pages Many of the critics who have critiqued Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels have used the word extraneous more then once. Swift was viewed as an insane person who was a failure in life. But this is far from the truth. Swift wrote Gulliver's Travels, a book that has been assigned to students for years, and it is written from experience. Swift's experience with the Tories and their conflicts with the Whigs caused him to write books that mock

Satirical Patterns in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

948 words - 4 pages understand all of the little annoyances there were about the political scheme in society in those days and compare them to today’s world.  After those comparisons, the reader finds that the problems are the same as they were in Swift’s time. Works Cited Swift, Jonathan.  Gulliver’s Travels.  New York: The new American Library Inc., 1983.

Compare the satire in Gulliver's Travels & Candide

926 words - 4 pages Compare the satire in Gulliver's Travels & CandideSatire means irony. People use satire to expose folly or vice. Interestingly, in Voltaire's Candide and Swift's Gulliver's Travels, they both use satire to express their profound observations. They have some similarities; such as they both criticize the human weakness. They also have many differences between them. In "Candide", Voltarie offers sad themes by jokes and criticism. The story

Satire in Jonathan Swift´s Gulliver's Travels

2236 words - 9 pages In the early eighteenth-century, Irish writer Jonathan Swift produced one of the most printed novels known to date. The novel, Gulliver’s Travels, not only received recognition for being reprinted an immense amount of time, but also for the satire found within the novel. Swift intended his novel to be used as a scapegoat in which he would reveal his opinion on the English society. Swift was able to demonstrate this satire through the four part

Johnathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

1930 words - 8 pages Lilliputians are a political satire of the England of Swift's time. For reference, England and France kept having constant wars as to Lilliput and Blesfuscu. (S45) This is shown especially when in the text of Gulliver's travels: This diversion is only practised by those persons who are candidates for great employments, and high favour at court. They are trained in this art from their youth, and are not always of noble birth, or liberal

Seminar paper on issues mocked in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

1484 words - 6 pages Jonathan Swift's, Gulliver's Travels satirically relates bodily functions and physical attributes to social issues during England's powerful rule of Europe. Through out the story we find many relations between bodily features and British and European society. Swift uses this tone of mockery to explain to his reader the importance of many different topics during this time of European rule. Swift feels that the body and their functions relate to

A Nontraditional Hero in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

1004 words - 4 pages In Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels, the narrator shows the reader meeting many different characters, from the tiny people to the talking horses. Gulliver reveals through his adventures what kind of a character he is. He is a likeable, amusing and interesting person, but he lacks what could be classified as a hero – in the traditional sense. Seeing him as a hero is difficult because he resembles an anti-hero more. In some ways, Gulliver is

The Enduring Wisdom in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels and Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man

1742 words - 7 pages The Enduring Wisdom in Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels and Alexander Pope's An Essay on Man If learned men of a past era came to this present age of technological advance, modern man might be surprised at the observations these humans of yesterday would make. Over three centuries ago, two such men -- Jonathan Swift and Alexander Pope -- made observations concerning their own time which have interesting insights to today's world. One

Jonathan Swift - Gulliver's Travels Too Good to be True: Interpretation of Swift's Idealism and the Houyhnhms

1381 words - 6 pages This paper deals with the depiction of my conception of Swift’s idealism in the 4th part of the Gulliver's Travels (A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms) concerning Gulliver’s confrontation with the social and political structure of the Houhnhnms and subsequently his expulsion. This portrayal is then dismantled, analyzed and a certain number of interpretations is achieved to show whether there is a concealed satire by chance due

Quest for Truth Depicted in Swift's Gulliver's Travels and Huxley's Brave New World

1211 words - 5 pages great power which houses both good and evil thoughts. If used for evil, it can imprison a person, while for good it can release a man from prison. In Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels and Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, both authors use their main characters, John and Gulliver, to find the hidden truth within each world. Although they tell different stories, they both intertwine a common theme: trying to find the truth that hides deep within

Similar Essays

A Comparison Of Satire In Voltaire's Candide And Gulliver's Travels

2248 words - 9 pages provides an extensive example of the many perspectives present and the ideals that are satirized. In each arena Candide's experiences and interaction with others are the breeding ground for Voltaire's satire. In both Candide and Gulliver's Travels this universal satire is made possible by the stories' being travel-tales in which the protagonists are exposed to many different lands and perspectives. As can be seen, child-like naivete can be a

Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels Essay

1664 words - 7 pages Although Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift has long been thought of as a children's story, it is actually a dark satire on the fallacies of human nature. The four parts of the book are arranged in a planned sequence, to show Gulliver's optimism and lack of shame with the Lilliputians, decaying into his shame and disgust with humans when he is in the land of the Houyhnhmns. The Brobdingnagians are more hospitable than the Lilliputians, but

English Society And Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

1247 words - 5 pages into practice. So then, what might be the message of Gulliver's Travels, besides merely a cataloging through satire of the particulary wrongs of Swift's day? My readings show this to be a hotly debated question, but for my own answer to this question you will have to read my analysis of Gulliver's Travels.   Works Cited * Chalmers, Alan D. Jonathan Swift and the Burden of the Future. London: Associted University Presses, 1995

The Use Of Satire In Jonathan Swift's Gulliver's Travels

797 words - 3 pages Jonathan Swift's story, Gulliver's Travels is very complex, with several layers of meaning. He is a master satirist, and Gulliver's Travels is both humorous and critical. He critiques almost every aspect of life, from the writings of his times to the politics. He also satirizes more encompassing topics that are still relevant today, such as the human condition, and the desire for overcoming inferior instincts.The first satire we see in the story