This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Vouchers And School Choice First Step Towards A Discriminatory Educational System

1936 words - 8 pages

School Vouchers:  The First Step Towards a Discriminatory Educational System

On November 9, 1998, Jennifer Marshall, Education Policy Analyst for the Family Research Council, declared in a press statement: "Parental choice in education just got a green light from the Supreme Court." Her statement came as a response to the decision made the same day by the Supreme Court to deny a petition for a writ of certiorari in Jackson v. Benton, a case in Wisconsin which challenges the constitutionality of vouchers in public education. By refusing to take this case, the Supreme Court lets a decision made in the state supreme court stand, in which the court upheld the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program as constitutional. The United States Supreme Court voted almost unanimously to deny cert, indicating either that they agree with the Wisconsin court's decision or that the case is not worthy of their time or consideration, or both. (Neither the lone dissenter, Justice Stephen Breyer, nor the 8-justice majority released any explanations of their actions.) Legally, their choice not to hear the case sends a passive but clear message: vouchers in public schools are valid under the Constitution of the United States. However, questions remain surrounding the particulars of the Wisconsin program, as well as the larger questions over the concept of vouchers in general. One that is raised is: Can the government in good faith sanction the removal of children from the public schools, at its own expense and at the expense of the children who remain in those public schools?

The Court has been strangely inconsistent in its treatment of voucher cases. In 1973, The Court found that vouchers for religious schools violated the establishment clause, but in 1997 approved a New York religious-based program. Supporters who take the New York decision as a go-ahead for all voucher programs should beware. In the New York case, the decision said only that sending taxpayer-paid teachers into religious schools to help students with non-religious subjects (math, English, science, etc.) did not violate the establishment clause of the First Amendment. Strictly speaking, that program did not provide for "vouchers," funds mandated by the state for under-privileged families to send their children to private or parochial/religious-based schools.

The Milwaukee program is quite different. Its conditions include the following: any child, K-12, who lives within the city, "may attend, at no charge, any private school located in the city" if he or she meets the criteria of the program. The program contains provisions for a phasing in of the voucher population; in 1995-96, only 7% of the school district's membership could attend private school, while the next year, no more than 15% could be enrolled in private institutions. Upon enrollment, "the state superintendent shall pay to the parent or guardian...an amount...equal to the private school's operating and debt service cost per pupil...

Find Another Essay On Vouchers and School Choice - First Step Towards a Discriminatory Educational System

The Problem of Vouchers and School Choice

1138 words - 5 pages children passing each other on the street on their way to schools composed of people mostly like themselves.   Could you talk me into choice? Perhaps if substantive reforms were made first. In a perfect world, students could choose among schools equal in facilities, security and quality of instruction. They would make choices based on specialties of programs -- one school might focus on theatre, another on science enrichment, still another in

Vouchers and School Choice More Effective than Affirmative Action

797 words - 3 pages based on equality of opportunity. The best way to accomplish this is to implement a nationwide program of school choice.   A school choice program at the elementary and secondary level would produce revolutionary results. The underclass (all races) would gain the opportunity to develop the skills necessary to enter the middle class. A school choice-based educational system would help break the cycle of poverty and give parents the

Imagination in Cornel West's Race Matters: The First Step Towards Restoring Hope to the Nihilistic African-American Community

1381 words - 6 pages mere alterations in social and economic structures truly inadequate. West depicts the depravity of nihilism, "the monumental eclipse of hope, the unprecedented collapse of meaning, the incredible disregard for human life [...]" with such alarm that it piercingly calls for swift reemergence of concern, hope, meaning, and connection. This first step towards restoring such aspects of humanity requires imagination. Members and leaders of a unified

School Vouchers - A Great Relief!

875 words - 4 pages , educational expenses should also be covered by some means. It is the government's responsibility to look forward that education is being given to each and every child in the community. Therefore, by bringing the concept of school vouchers, a family can be relieved of at least a part of the educational expense, a part of which is paid by the government. Therefore by considering the following reasons, it can be understood that school vouchers are really

A Step Towards Democracy: The Jacksonain Era

1023 words - 5 pages The years between 1825 through 1850 were filled with reforms ranging from political reforms to religious reforms. This era is commonly known as the Jacksonian Era. Prior to the Jacksonian Era, the early 19th century was classified to be a period of extreme instability. The Jacksonian Era involved many new ideas such as King Mob, the spoils system, expansion towards the West, and the Bank War. These characteristics of the Jacksonian Era brought

Analysis of Relation between Ultrasonic Testing and Microstructure: A Step towards Highly Reliable Fault Detection

1722 words - 7 pages values for getting accurate Value linear interpolation technique used which is as follows- dp = d1 + {(d2 – d1) / (µ2 - µ1)} (µ - µ1), Where dp is unknown data against quantity µ. d1 = 11; d2 = 10; µ2 = 1; µ1 = 0.79 and µ = 0.86 dp = 11 + {(10 - 11) / (1 – 0.79)} (0.86 – 0.79) = 10.66 µm or 0.00001066 m 2.6. Ultrasonic Testing and Evaluation The instrument used for this analysis is Epoxh-XT flaw detector. First of all two axes is made on a

Pros and Cons of Inner City School Vouchers

1812 words - 7 pages by the government to send their children to a school of choice, whether that school is public, private or religious (School Vouchers). In effect, it separates the government financing of education from the government operation of schools. Sweden and the U.K. both have an educational voucher system in place (School Vouchers). Another form of vouchers is the means tested school voucher program. “Within the United States Cleveland, Milwaukee

Youtube: A Step Into a New Direction Towards the Future

1233 words - 5 pages because they are learning new techniques of making their videos, which is good for the future, such as projects school work and many more. Overall this program saves money and earns money for everyone! Some may argue that nothing is perfect and that there always is a flaw, which is that there may be many info commercials appearing on the YouTube subscriptions program. However info commercials tend to last for about 2-5min normally, which

A Step Towards Making a Difference in STEM Classes

778 words - 4 pages awarding degree. Science is intimidating and is often taken for granted, but science, technology, engineering, and math are essential to the advancement of humanity. Some see Obama’s Educate to Innovate as hopeful wishing. Experienced teachers teaching current topics in science and providing students with more hands on opportunities in a definitive step in the right direction, but more has to be taking into account in order truly tackle the

The Columbian Exchange: A Giant Step Towards Globalization

1835 words - 7 pages The Columbian Exchange was a giant step towards globalization. This trade route connected the world and introduced world changing concepts to both sides. Disease, religion, and a new government were shipped to the New World. Europe, however, was better affected by the exchange of goods. New crops that were able to better feed the population were imported. These population booms were able to set up the environment for the Industrial Revolution

Motivation Towards a Postive Education System

980 words - 4 pages     The American education system is like a failing government, and almost every president has realized this.   Sadly, many Americans don’t realize how far this educational “government” is in the toilet. In the last twenty years, America has gone from being #1 in high school education to a place where only 25% its of high school graduates are ready to go to college (11 Facts About Education in America). What happened? Our country lost the

Similar Essays

A Case For Vouchers And School Choice

1063 words - 4 pages the country, and Washington must consider school choice as a remedy for the ailing public school system.   The author of this article feels confident in asserting that the public school system in this nation is failing miserably in its attempt to prepare youth for competition in the twenty-first century. Half of the nation does not feel that a high school diploma is a guarantee of the recipient's basic skills in reading and math. In fact

School Vouchers: A Harmful Choice Essay

3089 words - 12 pages private institutions through the use of vouchers, America's public education system will become less effective, students from low income families will be set further behind, and the First Amendment will be directly violated. The conservative economist Milton Friedman first suggested the concept of school vouchers in 1955. He laid out a plan, "to return tax monies to parents of school-aged children for tuition use in a variety of authorized public

Vouchers And School Choice Beats No Choice

842 words - 3 pages School Choice Beats No Choice   I am avidly in favor of school choice for two main reasons. First, no child should be locked into attending an inadequate school, lacking quality and diversity, which under the current system is rewarded for its failure. Secondly, children and parents who hold strong convictions concerning their academic and social objectives need latitude in order to place themselves in an environment which will

School Vouchers: Parents Need A Choice

4626 words - 19 pages choice for students and parents. School vouchers will level the educational playing field in many communities across America. Voucher systems are designed to give parents a choice when considering schools for their children. With many of our public schools considered failing, parents will receive a certificate for a predetermined amount to supplement educational costs for parochial/private schools. It is my strong opinion that school