William Edward Burkhardt DuBois, whom we all know as W.E.B. DuBois; was a novelist, public speaker, poet, editor, author, leader, teacher, scholar, and romantic. He graduated from high school at the age of 16, and was selected as the valedictorian, being that he was the only black in his graduating class of 12. He was orphaned shortly after his graduation and was forced to fund his own college education. He was a pioneer in black political thoughts and known by many as a main figure in the history of African-American politics. W.E.B. DuBois attended Fisk University, where he was awarded a scholarship after he graduated high school. Fisk University was located in Nashville, Tennessee. While attending this University, this is where he saw for the first time in his life the hard time of blacks that were from the South. Since W.E.B DuBois did not encounter any hardships or problems with racism, seeing this was what motivated him to want to make changes and educate black people on what is going on. As violence against blacks increased in the South throughout the 1880s, DuBois's scholarly education was matched by the hard lessons he learned about race relations .
DuBois gained racial consciousness and the desire to help improve conditions for all blacks, as soon as he started to experience firsthand racial hatred and he also saw a lot during his experience in poor African American communities in Tennessee during the summer. DuBois received his bachelor's degree from Fisk in 1888, he also won a scholarship to attend Harvard University. Harvard considered his high school education and Fisk degree inadequate preparation for a master's program, and he had to register as an undergraduate . In 1890 DuBois received his second bachelor's degree, where enrolled in Harvard's graduate school. He earned his doctoral degree in 1895 immediately after he obtained his master's degree. He was the first black to receive that type of degree from Harvard University. DuBois' controversial career as an activist forced him to live and work on both sides of the Mason-Dixon Line. From all of these experiences, his put his interest in the use of science and used his scholarship toward learning about the struggles for social justice. DuBois realized that science could be a powerful tool in his quest to transform society and obtain equality for all African Americans.
He then went on to Berlin where he continued his studies at the University of Berlin. DuBois spent two years in Berlin, where he became the first African American to graduate with a Ph.D. and finished his dissertation .
Before he became head of the sociology department in Atlanta University, he taught at several universities before actually settling there. The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study (1899) was one of his works during this time period; it was a famous sociological study. DuBois examined the city's African American population as he made recommendations on a number of things, including school reform....