"Waiting For Godot" By Samuel Beckett

1660 words - 7 pages

a)A Shakespearean clown is supposed to entertain; however, the fool's primary function is to criticize his surroundings by acting silly. He is joking and playing with words; using his wit. So the audiences can read between lines his real message, which is a criticism against society. The clown can see more clearly than others and it is able to explain things that common people can't.Consequently and according to Serreau's point of view, Vladimir and Estragon-in Waiting for Godot-are clowns since they are representing the man's absurd existence, they are critics towards their society, but more than society, they are criticizing the way humanity lives.To exemplify, this criticism we can recall the passage below:Estragon: help me!Vladimir: It hurts?Estragon: Hurts! He wants to know if it hurts!Vladimir: (angrily) No one ever suffers but you. I don't count. I'd like to hear what you'd say if you had what I have.Estragon: It hurts?Vladimir: Hurts! He wants to know if it hurts!..."It is quite clear that there is wordplay in this passage, the way in which the dialogue evolves but at the same time maintains the lines, shows a kind of criticism against man's individualism, a man who generally is not capable of realizing the other's pain; criticizing that there is a lack of empathy between men. Man is able to demonstrate his own suffering, but is unable to see the suffering of the rest.Another example of criticism is what we can infer from this following passage:Vladimir: Let us not waste our time in idle discourse! (Pause. Vehemently) Let us do something, while we have the chance! It is not every day that we are needed […] but at this place, at this moment of time, all mankind is us, whether we like it or not […] What are we doing here, that is the question. And we ere blessed in this, that we happen to know the answer. Yes, in this immerse confusion one thing alone is clear. We are waiting for Godot to come.The criticism in this passage refers to the contradiction when Vladimir aims to do something but he waits. Vladimir, as well as any other man, doesn't want to keep his desire only into words, when he says: "let us not waste our time in idle discourse!" He wants to put his words into actions, he has to achieve his goals, whatever his goals are; however, at the end of his dialogue, he knows that he isn't doing anything, he is waiting for actions to happen, just by themselves, by magic. It is meaningless to wait for something to happen if he doesn't do anything about it, he has hope but only that.So, it is inferred that this clown is trying to explain that many times a man is involved in a situation he doesn't like, he cries about his poor existence, about his misery; but the only way to improve his existence is doing something, but he doesn't, he just waits.b)Serreau states in her essay that words in the play are as irreplaceable as blood, which gives the idea of a circular story. Language is seen as neither a beginning nor an end in this...

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