War. War never changes. Since the dawn of time, man has killed for the sake of their territory and their beliefs. Weapons evolved along side the intelligence of man giving people more ways to kill one another with quicker methods. When a neutron is split from a proton in the nucleus of an atom it causes an atomic blast. Over time these blasts have grown larger and stronger to the point where they could lead to the end of the world.
Nuclear Weapons date back to World War II when the world was on the verge of one of the greatest wars in history. In 1942 German physicists learned how to split an atom which caused fear throughout the world. With Germany attempting to create an atomic bomb Einstein and Fermi developed a plan to defeat Axis forces. Fermi informed American Government officials of the situation but very few people saw it as an issue. Einstein then made an attempt of bringing awareness by sending a letter to President Roosevelt asking him to start an atomic research program. Roosevelt found it unnecessary but slowly over time he agreed towards Einsteins request. Thus the Manhattan Project began with a slow start but assured start.
The Manhattan Project was ran in only a few universities and was kept secret from the public. The progress was slow but in December 1942 Fermi’s team created the first controlled nuclear chain reaction. A nuclear reaction occurs when the nucleus of an atom constantly reproduces neutrons (ushistory.org). After this discovery the Manhattan Project received more funds, got more facilities, and research sped up. In the end $2 Billion dollars were spent on research and about 120,000 people were employed but very few knew of the purpose of the project (ushistory.org). Finally on July 16 1945 Project Trinity was launched in Alamogordo, New Mexico. The first nuke ever tested in history was dropped from a hundred foot tower. The result was beyond what anybody expected; the explosion created a blinding light that could be seen from 200 miles away, a mushroom cloud that rose 40,000 ft in height, and a half-mile wide crater (ushistory.org).
World War II was at its peak. Germany had just surrendered to the Allied forces, but Japan was still fighting. As a final resort the U.S decided to use the weapons they had worked on for the past three years. On August 6th 1945 a uranium bomb codenamed “Little Boy” was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan and killed more than 140,000 people (ICANW.org). Three days later the U.S dropped a plutonium bomb codenamed “Fat Man” on Nagasaki, Japan which killed 74,000 people and brought an end to World War II (ICANW.org). Seventeen years later the world was on the brink of an all-out nuclear war. When someone hears about the Cold War they usually only think about Russia and America fighting. In reality the Cold War was so intense that a third world war was possible. In 1962, the war between democracy and communism was at its peak. Russia moved their own ballistic missiles in to Cuba. This led to the...