Canada has played a vital role in international relations for the majority of its 144 year history since the signing of Confederation in 1867. Canada first participated in World War I, then World War II in 1939-1945. Following World War II, Canada was also involved in the Korean War. Canada has been primarily a peacekeeping nation. There are many questions people ask when a high income country goes to help a lower income nation such as Afghanistan. What are Canada’s motives for helping out Afghanistan? Who will benefit from Canada going to war in Afghanistan? These are some of the questions many people have. While Canada has many domestic problems of its own such as homelessness, poverty and increasing national debt, why should Canada get involved with a problem that is across the globe? Are the costs of going to war out weight the political benefits? Modernity, modernization theory and gender stratification are some key concepts that are related to Canada going to war in Afghanistan.
There are many sociological key concepts that would relate to the war in Afghanistan. The three that I have chosen are structural social mobility, modernization theory, and gender stratification.
Modernity. A major sociological concept that explains social change would be modernity. Modernity explains the changes in social patterns that result in a nation industrializing (Macionis, Jansson, & Benoit, 2009). Since the Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan, the Afghan people have been struggling to make social improvements to their living conditions (Kowaluk & Staples, 2008). The current Afghan government held by Hamid Karzai has been generally unpopular because the changes to living conditions have been very slow (Kowaluk & Staples, 2008). The current war in Afghanistan has been primarily a reactionary response due to the attacks of September 11, 2001 (Kowaluk & Staples, 2008). When the United States discovered that the 9/11 attacks were a result of the Taliban. Canada’s involvement has been primarily to assist the United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) with keeping the peace and enforcement of United Nations Security Council Resolutions (Kowaluk & Staples, 2008). When Karzai was appointed Prime Minister in 2001, the Afghan people believed that Karzai was running a puppet government (Kowaluk & Staples, 2008). The puppet government as it was referred to be that the United States was ordering Karzai to make changes. There are many people that caught in the cross fire while searching for the people responsible for the terrorist act of 9/11. The country is dominated by Taliban forces which use fear to control its own people (Endersby, 2011).
Modernization theory. The modernization theory is an economic and social model that explains technological and cultural diversity (Macionis, Jansson, & Benoit, 2009). The goal of modernization theory is to enable wealthy countries such as Canada to go into countries...