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War In The 20th Century Essay

572 words - 3 pages

As a reaction to rapid industrialization, many reforms were needed in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. With railroads raising prices for short distance rides and the high cost to ship goods farmers found their funds to be insufficient and crops began to fail. The new problems that farmers faced caused them to have to move and find new techniques in crop production. Eventually laws were passed to help regulate the prices of railroads.During the Agrarian Movement many farmers faced problems. One of their problems was overproduction, the opening of the west, machinery, and new techniques increased production and caused prices to fall. High costs of railroads made it very difficult for farmers to ship goods. The ...view middle of the document...

For starters, they moved from the coast to the Great Plains, but a lack of water and wood created serious problems. The prairie had fertile soil but was covered by a thick sod with thick roots. Deere's new steel plow was able to break up the thick sod. Because the sod was so thick, settlers were able to make bricks out of it and build houses with walls several feet thick. Also barbed wire was used instead of wooden fences in order to keep animals away from the valuable crops. Windmills were used to pump water from the ground. These are the ways that the farmers adapted to their new environment.The Grange Movement was formed to eliminate the middleman from buying machinery, fertilizers, and manufactured goods in large numbers at discount prices. During the movement farmers elected officials who passed laws to regulate railroads and help them with their problems. The Munn Supreme Court case of 1877 helped out at first because state government was now allowed to regulate private business. The Wabash Supreme Court case of 1886 overruled this because it stated that states could only regulate railroads within their boundaries and only congress can regulate interstate trade. The Interstate Commerce Act later helped farmers in 1887 by prohibiting unfair practices by railroads (charging more for shorter routes). This established the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) to enforce laws.As results in the Progressive Era, the life of farmers were changed very drastic and they went thought hard times to get a fair chance to make a living. Many laws were changed to fit the needs of farmers so that they are not left to suffer from big business monopolies.

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