War In Vietnam Essay

1188 words - 5 pages

Vietnam, a small country in the Indochina region, has a history filled with marks of war. It was made a colony of the French in the 1890s and was occupied by the Japanese in World War Two. When the Second World War ended, Vietnam began engaging in fierce warfare such as the First Indochina war and the Vietnam War for its independence and unification. Leading on one side was a significant movement, the communist Viet Minh, formed by Ho Chi Minh in the 1940s to seek independence for Vietnam from France and oppose the presence of the Japanese. This movement flourished under the strong patriotism of the Vietnamese people and the discontentment of the Vietnamese towards French's cruel colonial rule and the corrupted leaders they put in power. The Viet Minh finally came to total power in 1975, after thirty four years of struggle and war, when they unified Vietnam as a single independent communist country after driving out the Americans and the French.In the 1850s, the French was in competition with other major European powers for overseas colonies. With the aim 'God, gold and glory' the French set their foot on Vietnam and enforce its power over the small area of land. The French claimed a moral reason for colonising Vietnam and that is -bringing the benefits of modern civilisation to the primitive Vietnamese. However, whilst the people of Vietnam remained in poverty and became more and more poor with increasing tax, the French did not improve their economic situation, but fully exploited the natural resources such as rubber and tin of the area .The French colonisers were hardly welcomed. The traditionalists opposed the French because of their attempts to restructure the Confucian system and the nationalist argued for an independent Vietnam. Ordinary peasants resented the increasingly rich landlords whom constantly increase the rents and their supporters the French that live in equally superior conditions. The Peasants made up about eighty five to ninety percent of the population and diseases were common amongst them. Furthermore, The French treatment of the local people as ignorant savages with no pride and the Vietnamese felt shamed and humiliated. Overall the population of Vietnam were thoroughly discontented towards the French.The resentment towards the French and the wish for independence evoked many anti-French rebellions. In 1940, during the Second World War the Japanese stepped into the French-controlled Vietnam. Vietnam was now under the Japanese and in May 1940, Ho Chi Minh formed the Viet Minh, a communist-led coalition of Vietnamese nationalists determined to end French rule and fight for Vietnam independence. The purpose of the Viet Minh was, as outlined by Ho Chi Minh, to "unite all patriots, without distinction of wealth, age, sex, religion or political outlook, so that they may work together for the liberation of our people and the salvation of our nation." Viet Minh attracts patriotic and nationalistic politicians and gain the starving...

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