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War Of 1812 Essay

1637 words - 7 pages

I. Americans wished to control the Great Lakes, but with an army that was not trained and disciplined led drawbacks against the British until a compromise was met with the Treaty of Ghent.

A. Battle for Canada and the Great Lakes
1. British forces were weakest in Canada.
2. Three attempts of invasion (Detroit, Niagra, and Lake Champlain) beaten once they had crossed over to Canada
3. British and Canadians had advantage of upper Great Lakes by capturing American fort Michilimackinac led by Isaac Brock, with assistant from "General Mud" and "General Confusion."
4. Invasion began again in 1813 were Americans had far advance Navy then the British, ships equipped with heavy firepower, thicker sides, larger crew that were majority free blacks.
5. The British were defeated by General Harrison's army at the Battle of the Thames in October 1813, for Americans to gain control of the Great Lakes.
6. Late 1814, Americans were defending there own soil from the British, with an attack at New York using the Lake river route. American fleet led by Thomas Macdonough led America to victory and drove the British away from the New England Area.

B. Attack on the Nation Capital and Defending New Orleans
1. An attack on Washington on 1814 led the British to burn the capital and the White House, in which Francis Scott Key observed and wrote "The Star Spangled Banner."
2. Another attack was aimed at New Orleans in 1814, where Andrew Jackson was held in command.
3. January 8,1815 was the start of the Battle of New Orleans. British were badly defeated to poor tactics. Victory led to Nationalism within the people of the U.S.
4. British retaliated by blocking off America's coast, affecting fishing and trade.

C. Treaty of Ghent
1. Congress of Vienna brought 5 American peacemakers to Belgian city of Ghent in 1814 where the British and the American representatives made demands against each other.
2. Treaty of Ghent was signed in 1814 on Christmas Eve, where the war was ended as a draw. Neither nations gained or lost land

II. With the War of 1812 at an end, the Federalists group was slowly diminishing and the nation had a sense of nationalism.

A. The Hartford Convention
1. Convention led in 1814 in Hartford, Connecticut. There 26 Federalists men from Massachusetts, Connecticutt, and Rhode Island (partial representation from New Hampshire and Vermont) met in secrecy for three weeks todiscusss there complaints and problems.
2. The Convention resulted in the Federalists becoming equal with the South and the West. They wanted to get rid of the three-fifths clause to limit presidential votes from the south and to get rid of the "Virginia Dynasty."
3. News of the victory in New Orleans and the signing of the Treaty of Ghent led complaints from the Convention resentful.

B. Second War for Independence
1. The nation proved that it will resist...

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