War Of 1812: Isaac Brock And The Fall Of Fort Detroit

1085 words - 4 pages

War of 1812: Isaac Brock and The Fall of Fort DetroitAndrew ArndtMarion M. Graham Collegiate InstituteHistory 30, Period 6Mr. DewarFor most of a decade, there were whispers and rumours going around that there would be a war between the United States and Canada. Also, some members of the American Congress were openly calling for war. Indeed, these rumours became true when President Madison declared war on Canada, Turner (1982), "On June 1, 1812, President Madison asked Congress to declare war on Great Britain. He gave five reasons. First was impressment. Second, he complained of British ships off the coast stopping and searching American vessels. Third, was the British blockade by which, he said, American commerce had been "plundered in every sea." Fourth came the Orders in Council. Finally, Madison blamed the British, not the Americans, for starting Indian warfare in the West!" (Turner, 1982, p. 20). On June 18, Congress passed a bill approving the President's call for war and Madison signed it. The War of 1812 had officially begun.The American General, William Hull was leading a force of over 2000 American regulars and militia towards Detroit. After marching through the thick forests while being poured on by rain, the men were too sick to keep marching on. Hull decided to hire a ship, called "Cayahoga", to take them the rest of the way. Hull's papers, his battle plans, were sent with the ship. On July 3, General Hunter captured the Cayahoga and sent Hull's papers immediately to Issac Brock. This gave the British a huge advantage now that they knew Hull's orders and the size of his army. On July 5, Hull arrived in Detroit. On July 12, Hull crossed the river to Sandwich and conquered it. This was the first invasion of Canada and the war had begun. After this attack, Hull planned to capture Fort Malden before continuing.Issac Brock was aware of Hull's attack on Sandwich and Brock expected him to attack Fort Amherstberg at any time. While Brock armed the defences of Amherstberg, Sir George Prevost, the Governor General of Canada, was attempting to negotiate a peace. This made Brock very frustrated due to the fact that the war could be over before he had anything to do with it. Fortunately, Brock convinced the legislature to allow him to call up the militia. Upon the arrival at Fort Amherstberg, Brock finds out that Hull has retreated back to Detroit. That night before Brock went to bed, Lieutenant Colonel John Macdonell knocked at his door. Standing next to Macdonell was a tall lithe warrior named Tecumseh, a Shawnee war chief. Both Brock and Tecumseh were impressed with one another and bonded by shaking hands.Ignoring orders from his superiors to act defensively only, Brock attempted to commence a fight with General Hull by attacking him at Fort Detroit. Unaware of the news that Governor General George Prevost negotiated a one-month truce with the Americans, Brock ordered an artillery barrage of Fort Detroit on August 15, 1812. He then demanded...

Find Another Essay On War of 1812: Isaac Brock and The Fall of Fort Detroit

The War of 1812. Essay

985 words - 4 pages declared war against Great Britain on June 18, 1812. American strategy called for an invasion of Canada on three fronts: along Lake Champlain toward Montreal, across the Niagara frontier, and from Detroit into upper Canada. The campaigns of the summer and fall of 1812 were disasters. Detroit surrendered to the British on August 18, and the Americans were defeated on the Niagara frontier at the Battle of Queenston Heights in October. The year ended

The War of 1812 Essay

1452 words - 6 pages effects of the government of the said United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the subjects thereof APPROVED, June 18, 1812 And so it began! It wasn’t long though before America realized just how un-prepared they were for a war. This realization first came with the shameful loses after attacking Canada. America truly thought the defeat of Canada would be an easy one. The Battle of Queenstown Heights was lost in October and American

The War of 1812

1145 words - 5 pages The War of 1812, sometimes referred to as “The Second War of Independence,” was one of the bloodiest, yet most pointless wars in American history. After 32 months of Americans fighting for a change in the relationship between Britain and the U.S., the war ended with a treaty that left many of the original conflicts unresolved. Although the war had no obvious victor, it boosted American nationalism and patriotism, something much needed after

The War of 1812

572 words - 2 pages The War of 1812 “In view of the wants and needs of an infant United States (1783-1812), the War of 1812 was extremely successful in its results.” The War of 1812 is significant to United States history in a number of ways. The War, and our not losing it, reaffirmed American Independence. Second, the war showed the Americans that a stronger military was needed. It strengthened our isolation by giving us courage. The war also served to

The War Of 1812

697 words - 3 pages cultural genocide. To express the rejection of the white¡¦s way, Tecumseh refused to learn English and sign the Treaty of Fort Wayne. The Shawnees led by Prophet attach Governor William Henry Harrison in 1811. In the Battle of Tippecanoe, the Shawnees were beaten and the town was destroyed. Then now Tecumseh joined with the British against the United State.These events led to the war of 1812 increased the hostility between the United

The War of 1812

1092 words - 4 pages The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and England. Ending in 1815 with the Treaty of Ghent, the war did not accomplish any of the issues it was being fought over. For the US, the War of 1812 seemed to just be one failure after another. Although the military suffered great failure during the war, these were the direct consequence of the failure of the citizens to unite for the causes of the war. Because of these failures, it is

The War of 1812

805 words - 3 pages 1.How did Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa resist American expansion?"The Prophet" --> Tenskwatawa-tries to establish a Pan-Indian Confederacy-establish a common ethnic identityBattle of Tippecanoesome people considered the war of 1812 a second American Revolution-maintain independence and finally get the English to acknowledge that the United States is truly a significant sovereign nation-relations with Britain begin to significantly improve-the war

The War of 1812

695 words - 3 pages The War of 1812 was the last war that America fought with Great Britain. It was a war won by the Americans, after a long period of time they was able to gain their entire land back to themselves. It showed the United States the independent sovereignty they had after the win in the American Revolution. It also help shaped the foreign policy of America. After the American Revolutionary War, it was a lot tension between the United States and Great

“Tecumseh and the War of 1812”

867 words - 3 pages and we will be driven from our native country and scattered as autumn leaves before the wind." In June of 1812 when the war broke out Tecumseh joined the British, was commissioned a brigadier-general and participated in the battles which preceded General William Hull's surrender at Detroit. Tecumseh met the British General Issac Brock early in the war, and they formed an immediate friendship. Brock admired Tecumseh because he seemed to understand

War of 1812 - Canada and the effects of the war

1118 words - 4 pages The war of 1812 may not seam to be a significant battle in some people's minds, most don't even remember much about this date only to be naive enough not to realize that the War of 1812 the was waged upon Canada and America was the most significant year that Canada has ever had. It is the year that Canada gave the Canadian people their Nationalism, and a strong sense of loyalty, that formed this country into what it is today.Before we can really

war of 1812

1482 words - 6 pages War of 1812 Leaders Sir Isaac Brock and Tecumseh may have had a strong alliance but together could not find a way to defeat the freedom-loving American people or it’s president, James Madison. These three men all had powerful leadership roles and largely affected the War of 1812. Tecumseh, the shawnee war chief, James Madison, and Sir Isaac Brock, all desired land, which equalled having power. Tecumseh wanted to preserve the land for his

Similar Essays

The War Of 1812 Essay

1265 words - 5 pages enemy; the Americans. British commander-in-chief in North America Lieutenant General Sir George Prevost maintained a defensive strategy with his Indian and Canadian allies to defend Lower Canada from the American invading force led by Brigadier General William Hull who crossed the Detroit River on July 12, 1812.As soon as he learned of the outbreak of war British commander in Upper Canada Major General Isaac Brock ordered Captain Charles Roberts

The War Of 1812 Essay 1295 Words

1295 words - 5 pages The War Of 1812 The War of 1812 took place while president James Madison was in office. Madison was born in Orange County, Virginia in 1751. He attended the College of New Jersey, which is now well known as Princeton. Madison did many significant things both before and after he was in office. He participated in the framing of the Virginia Constitution, served in the Continental Congress and he was also a leader in the Virginia Assembly. One of

The War Of 1812 Essay 1676 Words

1676 words - 7 pages The War of 1812 On June 18, 1812, the United States declared war on Great Britain. The peace treaty to end the war was signed in Europe, 1814. The war lasted from 1812 to the spring of 1815 because there was a delay in communications. It was fought along the Canadian border, along with several sea battles. By the time the war was over the United States lost 2,260 soldiers, and the British 1,600 soldiers. The war of 1812 was a very significant

The War Of 1812 Essay 896 Words

896 words - 4 pages The War of 1812The war of 1812 accomplished pretty much nothing. Everything that was being fought over had pretty much been settled already. However, there were several key battles fought in the war. Three of the most important battles fought by the United States during the war of 1812 were; the battle of Tippecanoe, the battle of Baltimore, and the battle of New Orleans.To start with, the battle of Tippecanoe was a very important battle in the