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War On Drugs Essay

1530 words - 7 pages

There was no intention of war in the beginning. The impoverished people of Mexico started out selling drugs, specifically marijuana as well as ampoule for truly noble reasons. It was out of need that drug trafficking began in Mexico. For example "In the 1950's the crises in the mine industry in the northern states of Chihuahua and Sonora compelled some workers to cultivate..." since employment was low. Since then drug trafficking has changed in many ways. Now the drug lords and the Mexican government are at war, now the people of Mexico are divided between supporting the drug cartels or supporting government action against them. In part the United States is to blame for the overwhelmingly power that the drug cartels hold. Therefore it would be fair for the Mexican and American government to work together are take down the drug cartels.
To understand the war on drugs between the Mexican government and the Mexican drug lords and their cartels one needs to know a little history. It all began in the 1940's. Cultivation of poppy for pharmaceutical use was a way for Mexico to provide employment for it's people since it was the only country in Latin America to produce opium. The United States were the one's that needed the drug In World War II, thus the first drug trafficking in Mexico was between Mexico and the United States, as it is to this day. Ten years later marijuana and ampoule began to be cultivated as a result of low employment opportunities in Chihuahua and Sonora. Then arose the 1960's and 1970's. Although the United States had drug restrictions by law, the demand rose for marijuana and heroin rose dramatically. Therefore drug cartels were able to make more money than ever because not only had the demand increased, it had at that point become more difficult to transport. Before the 1970's the drug cartels consisted of family members, both woman and men, working together to grow, sell and transport the drugs since it was their way of making money in a country were employment is still to this day, difficult to find. After the 1970's though the once family run cartels were challenged by the Guadalajara cartel, ran by Miguel Felix Gallardo. Driven by greed, Gallardo sought out to have all the routes leading to America. The Guadalajara cartel soon became the most powerful cartel however internal problems caused the cartel to break up into smaller groups so that soon the cartels known today were formed. Cartels such as Los Zetas, La Familia, the Tijuana cartel and so on. The reason why the drug cartels have become so powerful is not only because of the drug demand in the Unites States but also because not until the twenty-first century did the Mexican government actually react to the growing problem. Until the election of Mexican President Felipe Calderon, who is of the National Action Party, which is similar to the Democrats of the United States, the opposing party, Institutional Revolutionary Party, which would be...

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