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War In The Meddle East Essay

1606 words - 6 pages

CIVIL WAR IN SYRIASyria has become the bloodiest uprising of the Arab Spring and has now descended into a full-blown civil war. The Syrian civil war is an ongoing armed conflict in Syria between forces loyal to the Syrian Baath Party government. The conflict began on 15 March 2011, with popular demonstrations that grew nationwide by April 2011. Protesters demanded the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad, whose family has held the presidency in Syria since 1971, as well as the end to over four decades of Baath Party rule. After months of military sieges, the protests evolved into an armed rebellion. The government started a series of large-scale deadly military attacks on towns, using tanks, infantry carriers, and artillery, leading to hundreds of civilian deaths. By the end of May 2011, 1,000 civilians and 150 soldiers and policemen had been killed and thousands detained. The government continued the attack by kidnapping, raping, torturing and killing activists and their family members, including a lot of children. The situation drastically changed on August 21st 2013, when Assad's government gassed to death over a thousand people in the suburbs of Damascus. The Arab league, United States, European Union, GCC states and other countries have condemned the use of violence against the protestors. China and Russia have opposed attempts to agree to a UN resolution condemning Assad's actions, and advised against sanctions, saying that such methods could escalate into foreign intervention. There were some major events that occurred and are occurring during the uprising. On April 26, 2011 Thousands of soldiers backed by tanks and snipers open fire on civilians in Daraa and two other locations, according to witnesses. Armed security agents conduct house-to-house sweeps. Neighborhoods are sectioned off and checkpoints are erected. Electricity, water and cellphone services are cut. At least 11 people are killed and 14 others lay in the streets, either dead or gravely wounded. In November 2011, the FSA launched deadly attacks on an air force intelligence complex in the Damascus suburb of Harasta. In January 2012, Assad began using large-scale artillery operations against the insurgency, which led to the destruction of many civilian homes due to indiscriminate shelling. On 12 April, the Syrian Government and rebels of the FSA entered a UN mediated ceasefire period. It was a failure, with infractions of the ceasefire by both sides resulting in several dozen casualties. The peace plan practically collapsed by early June and the UN mission were withdrawn from Syria. In 12 June 2012, the UN for the first time officially proclaimed Syria to be in a state of civil war. The conflict began moving into the two largest cities, Damascus and Aleppo, which the government said were dominated by a pro-Assad silent majority. In both cities, peaceful protests - including a general strike by Damascus shopkeepers and a small strike in Aleppo were interpreted as indicating...

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