Warfare Of The World Wars Essay

1568 words - 6 pages

Since the dawn of mankind, we have used tools to assist our daily needs. In no time, simple tools became weapons, and throughout our history we have witnessed the evolution of these tools of destruction. From swords to the bow and arrow, and revolvers to atomic bombs, warfare has been an ever-changing industry. Warfare of the Second World War greatly differs from that of World War One. Within the short twenty-five year time period between wars, we see the greatest developments in organized military history; aircrafts create a whole new role in war, land weapons are perfected, and war strategies are heavily altered as a whole new set of battle ideals are set into play, based around the discovery of a devastating new power.

The role of aircrafts has greatly changed over the course of the two wars. Prior to and during WWI, airplanes were underdeveloped, made of hardwood and canvas and incapable of flying long distances or carrying any weight. During the early years of the first war, they were used as methods of reconnaissance photographs and to spy on enemy lines. By 1915, the Germans had planes with mounted Fokker machine guns at the front which could effectively fire through the prop, turning the airplane into an offensive weapon. This new innovation gave birth to air combat and “dogfights”. Aviation aces during this time included, Billy Bishop, The Red Baron and Rene Fonck, each with over 70 victories. By 1917, airplanes were proving to play a significant role in warfare as many people realized that control of the skies could change the outcome of the war.“The sky is about to become another battlefield no less important than the battlefields on land and sea.... We had better get accustomed to this idea, and prepare ourselves” as said by Italian Staff Officer, Giulio Douhet, foreshadowing the importance of aircrafts in years to come. During the short-lived prosperity of the 1920’s, the aviation industry saw great new advances to lead them into World War II. However, it wasn’t until 1941, when U.S.A entered the war that mass production and use of airplanes was noticeable. Planes were now specialized into categories; smaller, sleeker, faster models such as a P-51 Mustang were used as fighter planes to take out enemy planes and boats, while larger, heavier bombers such as the B-29 Superfortress would rain down bombs on enemy territory and flatten cities. Plane warfare served a significant role in the Battle of Britain, when the British RAF`s went head on head with the German Luftwaffe, and eventually forcing them to retreat from England. Aviation was regarded more heavily in WW2. Previous double winged designs were now replaced by aluminum or steel mono-winged fighting machines. Single prop-based machine guns were taken over by numerous larger, 50 calibre artillery guns and missiles within the plane. Stronger radial and jet propelled engines made planes twice as fast as their WWI predecessors, allowing them to influence sea warfare as well....

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