“Warfare, Disease, and Trade”
Interaction in the human web has the unfortunate result that blurs the lines between positive and negative. The factor that has the most affect whether an exchange became successful or failed was the exchange of disease. These connections can have numerous forms, like chance encounters, friendship, ecological, economic, military competition, and common worship link us together. This communication facilitated the transfer of goods, crops, and technologies but unintentionally exchanged diseases which is not constructive but affected the civilization and life in general (McNeil & McNeil, 2003, p. 3). The clear frontrunner of the three choices is diseases with staggering statistics of killing people all over the world in many different exchanges; compared to war, the bloodiest battle is a pale depiction of the magnitude compared to the diseases such as Black Death.
What was this disease, Black Death? The medical word is Bubonic plague, also known as a bacillus, which is an organism, usually carried by rodents. These “Fleas” infest the animal (rats, but other rodents as well), and these fleas move freely over to human hosts (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2011, p. 321). The Black Death serves as a well-located divider between the central and the late middle Ages. As the emergence of new trade and new agriculture arose from the exchanges of dominate Empires may have been a catalyst for the spread of the disease, in addition the change in climate and the environment may have increased the likely hood of this disease to re-surface (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2011, pg. 321-323).
The Han Empire 202 BCE - 221 CE was occurring roughly at the same time as the Roman Empire 14-180 BCE (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2011, pg. 113-122). After the collapse of the Roman Empire and into the era of the Byzantine Empire emerged the rise of Islam, its founder Muhammad flourished through the Arabian Peninsula (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2011, p. 158). Considered a threat to Christianity, Arab Armies only 50 years after the death of Muhammad overran Christian states “The Crusades” (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2011, p. 167). Although the spread of Islam brought war, it also stabilized the region and established economic prosperity to the region for many people. With trade serving as a conduit for goods, sparked the growth of civilizations, political structures, complex societies, philosophy, sciences, and writings (Duiker & Spielvogel, 2011, pg. 172-175). In consideration of the spread of Islam throughout North Africa, to Spain and many outliers,...