Alexander the Great, conqueror and King of Macedonia served as King from 336 BC to 323 BC. It is argued that he deserved his given name as he indeed was a great King. This is evident as during his reign he united Greece, reestablished the Corinthian league and conquered the Persian empire. He also accomplished being a king of Persia, Babylon and Asia.[footnoteRef:0] However it is also disputed in the Persian perspective that Alexander the “great” was not great at all. He demolished Persepolis as revenge for the burning Acropolis, he was the reason for widespread destruction as he was accused to have encouraged cultural and religious sites throughout the empire and he also tried to take on the persian mantle of the King of Kings.[footnoteRef:1] [0: https://www.biography.com/people/alexander-the-great-9180468 ] [1: http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-18803290 ]
This essay will evaluate the perspectives through a discussion of Alexander’s reign through historical evidence. It will also analyse the different perspectives on how “great” Alexander the great really was.
Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia on July 20 356 BC[footnoteRef:2] born to Phillip II Macedon the King of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus Greek King of Epirus. [2: https://www.biography.com/people/alexander-the-great-9180468 ]
There are numerous surviving Ancient Greek historian sources on Alexander the Great. The surviving sources are by Arrian,Cleitarchus, Diodorus, Curtius and Justin.
Plutarch of Chaeronea, an authoritative philosopher in Ancient Greece and Arrian of Nicomedia, a Greek historian who both scrutinise Alexander’s influence in the Greek world, acknowledging his achievements as a King who indeed did deserve the word “great” incorporated in his name. They both admired his superior military ability to defeat and conquer despite his young age. They initiated the reason why Alexander the great was veritably great was due to his great achievements including conquering most of the world, defeating larger armies such as the persian army in which he won with an army that was one fifth of their size, his innovation or many new war concepts, establishing greek states and spreading their culture and language as he conquered cities, naming more than 70 cities after himself with the name alexandria and lastly he was most known for fighting many large and conquered cities and was praised for never losing a battle [footnoteRef:3] [3: http://www.speeli.com/articles/view/Why-Alexander-was-called-the-great]
Arrian of Nicomedia was a Greek historian who wrote Anabasis of Alexander which is considered to be the best source...