Was Calley Evil, Or Was He A More Or Less “Normal Person In Abnormal Circumstances”? History 108 Essay

977 words - 4 pages

Vietnam War Massacres
My Lai Massacre
On the morning of March 16, 1968, soldiers of Charlie Company, a unit of the American Division's 11th Infantry Brigade arrived in the hamlet of My Lai in the northern part of South Vietnam. They were on a “search and destroy” mission to root out 48th Viet Cong Battalion thought to be in the area.
The unit met no resistance in My Lai, which had about 700 inhabitants. Indeed, they saw no males of fighting age. They only found villagers eating breakfast.
Nevertheless, over the next three hours they killed as many as 504 Vietnamese civilians. Some were lined up in a drainage ditch before being shot. The dead civilians included fifty age 3 or younger, 69 between 4 and 7, and 27 in their 70s or 80s.
In addition, Vietnamese women were raped; other civilians were clubbed and stabbed. Some victims were mutilated with the signature "C Company" carved into the chest. One soldier would testify later, "I cut their throats, cut off their hands, cut out their tongues, scalped them. I did it. A lot of people were doing it and I just followed. I lost all sense of direction." Only one American was injured - a GI who had shot himself in the foot while clearing his pistol.
In one incident, a soldier, Robert Maples, refused an order to fire his machine gun on people in a ditch, even when his commanding officer trained his own weapon him. Hugh Thompson, a helicopter pilot had threatened to fire on the American troops in order to rescue Vietnamese women and children from the slaughter. After seeing U.S. troops advancing on a Vietnamese family, he landed his helicopter, called in gunships to rescue the civilians, and ordered his gunner to fire on any American who interfered.
The My Lai massacre took place shortly after the Tet Office. Late in January 1968, Viet Cong guerrillas and North Vietnamese soldiers had launched attacks on urban areas across South Vietnam. Charlie Company had arrived in Vietnam three months before the My Lai massacre. Charlie Company had suffered 28 casualties, including five dead. Just two days before the massacre, on March 14, a "C" Company squadron encountered a booby trap, killing a popular sergeant, blinding one GI and wounding several others.
The Cover-Up
The 11th Brigade claimed to have killed 128 Viet Cong during the operation, which would have been the largest number killed by the Brigade in a 24 hour period. Curiously, the Brigade reported only 3 weapons captured. When Hugh Thompson, the helicopter pilot, claimed that civilians had been murdered, Charlie Company’s commanding officer, Ernest Medina, was asked how many civilians had been killed. Even though he had personally seen at least 100 bodies, he maintained that between 20 and 28 civilians had been killed by gunship and artillery fire. That conclusion was echoed in a report submitted a month later by the commander of the 11th Infantry Brigade, Col Oran K...

Find Another Essay On Was Calley evil, or was he a more-or-less “normal person in abnormal circumstances”? - History 108 - Essay

Was Marcus Brutus a successful leader or was he too effected by his personal life

1092 words - 4 pages a very naïve outlook on life. Servilia, Brutus's mother, was madly in love with Caesar but Brutus did not see how this should effect him, or how he should care for her well being. In reality, Caesar truly believed that he was Brutus's father! As Brutus was born when there love was most strong (Perseus). Caesar saved Brutus a multitude of times, asking only for loyalty in return. It is not known if Brutus found out about the chance of

Was Napoleon the son or the enemy of the French Revolution? In this essay, I will try and investigate whether Napoleon Bonaparte brought a positive change to France or was he just another tyrant

3273 words - 13 pages son of the revolution but a fusion of both:he was not, however, merely a revolutionary or merely an enlightened despot; nor was he simply a combination of the two. He fused the Revolution and the ancient regime in such way as to produce an entirely new element (Lee 1982, 19). Thus, Napoleon Bonaparte, a national hero, was neither a son of the revolution nor an enemy; he was an ambitious leader who made decisions that was best for him and France

Marcus Tullius Cicero was not just an ordinary man, he one of the best philosophers in history. But he was much more than just a philosopher; Cicero was an orator, lawyer, and a politician

737 words - 3 pages The Life of CiceroMarcus Tullius Cicero was not just an ordinary man, he one of the best philosophers in history. But he was much more than just a philosopher; Cicero was an orator, lawyer, and a politician. "His life coincided with the decline and fall of the Roman Republic, and he was an important actor in many of the significant political events of his time," (Clayton).Cicero was born on January 3, 106 B.C at Arpinum, a city sixty miles

"A Midsummer night's Dream" by William Shakespeare Essay -Describe one of the main characters and explain he or she was important in the play

537 words - 2 pages In the play "A Midsummer Night's Dream" by William Shakespeare there was a beautiful and attractive girl called Hermia. Lysander and Demetrius, both strong and fierce young man, desire she to be their bride. Hermia was important in the play because she is the person who caused the conflict between the lovers. Hermia was dominated by Lysander but her father wanted her to marry Demetrius. However Hermia decided to disobey her father and the law

Was the British Empire a force for good or for evil?

1438 words - 6 pages spread of western education systems in their colonies. For instance, in Africa, education was informal and a lifelong process as there was no specific syllabus or method of grading for learners. The learners also did not need to sit in a class to be taught. The expansion of the British Empire saw the introduction of formal education to most parts of Africa and many locals were taught how to read and write (Marker 2003). The early beneficiaries

Was He Just a Man?

1385 words - 6 pages been appointed to Secretary of War. What if Jefferson Davis wasn’t chosen for the Confederate presidency? Davis’s role in the success that the Confederacy achieved against a nation much more superior in numbers and resources was enormous. First of all, even though he was too noisy in military affairs, he often helped. Lastly, he held the south together until the end of the war, which allowed the south to fight for much longer and continue with a

There were twenty or more pre-trials or trials that day. The speed in which they were handled was surprisingly

1434 words - 6 pages male. At 1:30 exactly a pretrial finished and the lawyers in unison approached the jury box to talk to their respective clients. There were twenty or more pre-trials or trials that day. The speed in which they were handled was surprisingly fast at times. One could tell that everyone involved in the court had went through these procedures many times before. The chaos as we saw it looked very routine for the people

Was Andrew Jackson's Indian policy merely a reformulation of older ones or a newer and more dictatorial-style policy towards the savages? This essay proves that it was a reformulation

923 words - 4 pages and N). Jefferson wrote to major general Andrew Jackson that if America could lead them to grow into a civilized people, they would be helping them immensely (Document F). The Jackson administration was, in a sense, attempting to do exactly the same what Monroe, Jefferson, and others attempted--they would move Indians off of their lands into a more favorable habitat in which they would be away from whites, and in which they can build up a

The Title is Antisemitism and the Dreyfus Affair. It answers the question of whether or not Cpt. Dreyfus would have been arrested if he was not a jew. The essay states that he would not have been

2269 words - 9 pages increase in nationalism, an unprecedented love of, and interest in, the Army, and an anti-Semitic revival. If Dreyfus had not been a Jew in the army, the Affair would have been no more than a minor controversy, as many cases after him were. He also might not have been convicted. Anti-Semitism along with chance was the main reason Dreyfus was arrested.Alfred Dreyfus was born in Mulhouse, on October 9, 1859 to a family of Alsatian Jews. As a result of the

Can Macbeth be held responsible for his own actions, or was he influences through other forces

1442 words - 6 pages being unprincipled because he is already faced with a dilemma but she is making more difficult for him.Even so, I feel it was the witches that influenced Macbeth the most. They release Macbeth's selfish ambitions because I think Macbeth had always wanted to become King and the witches' prophecies made this dream almost a reality.'Glamis and Thane of Cawdor...The greatest is behind.'This is the point in the play when we see Macbeth starting to show

A Father's Actions in "He Was a Boxer When I Was Small"

851 words - 3 pages The negative influence factor which radiates from father, Don, in Lenore Keeshig-Tobias' essay, "He Was a Boxer When I Was Small," is a great example of how a parent's actions can brainwash and alter their children's future decisions in life. Author Keeshig-Tobias grew up in a miserable household raised by her feared, alcoholic father, who held frequent temper tantrums in order to establish his parental authority. Don has many flaws that make

Similar Essays

German And Sonderweg. Was Germany's Development Prior To Wwii Normal Or Abnormal

1310 words - 5 pages more or less evolutionary development toward an ever better society was the thrust of this view, with social engineering an illustrative concept. Confidence in the capacity of social and economic thought to contribute to the improvement of society has been an important proponent of this view, which exists both in a Marxist and a liberal functionalist version.The concept of Enlightenment was first pushed forward with the ideas of freedom and

Was Hamlet Acting Insane Or Was He Actually Insane?

975 words - 4 pages acting starts to be become less intentional. He starts to act very different and becomes irresponsible. At the beginning of the play, he was a handsome, well-mannered guy but he then turns into this extremely rude and reckless man. It seems that he does not care for anyone anymore and he treats those who are important to him as if they mean nothing. Hamlet was in love with Ophelia but after his transformation he curses and treats Ophelia very

Portrayed As Evil Was He Essay

1128 words - 5 pages Portrayed as Evil was He In the book “In Cold Blood” we meet Perry Edward Smith one of the men accused of killing the Clutter family. Perry is a unique man for how he see the world and how the world sees him. Although the townspeople and those who had heard of the murder only saw Parry as a murder. There is however one man who sees Perry more than he appeared to be and that man was Truman Capote. Perry had an interesting life from how he was

Augustus Caesar Was He A Good Leader World History Essay

1253 words - 6 pages ancient history because he was primarily responsible for Pax Romana which created peace in Rome that lasted over two centuries. He initiated religious reforms to revive belief of his people in traditional gods and he established a very effective financial system in his empire. To begin with, there had been constant warfare in the Roman Republic for centuries. After Augustus’ win at the Actium, the long civil war came to an end and he had transformed