This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Was Force More Important Than Persuasion In Mussolini's Consolidation Of Power Between 1924 And 1929? (In Which I Argue The Other Side)

1942 words - 8 pages

In a speech to parliament, Mussolini promised he would give Italy peace and quiet 'if possible in love, but if necessary by force.' This statement well explains Mussolini's methods of consolidation. Up to 1926, the early years of his dictatorship, Mussolini employed predominantly forceful methods to consolidate his power quickly. Then, from 1926 onwards, when his position was secured he used principally persuasive methods to maintain support. Therefore, although Mussolini used both force and persuasion, in the consolidation of power force was the more important factor. The type of force most associated with the Fascist regime is squadristi violence, but force is also synonymous with the removal of choice; for example, through censorship and the banning of political parties of the opposition.The most immediately threatening institutions over which Mussolini needed to assert his control in order to become dictator were those of government. The significance of Mussolini's control over government to his rule of Italy meant that he tackled these institutions at the beginning of his regime. Mussolini's control over the king was based predominantly on persuasion; for example he placated him with twice weekly visits to imply he was involving the king in policy. Mussolini relied on persuasion and the apparent unwillingness of the king to take action until 1928 when the king lost his right to elect Prime Minister. Control over parliament was achieved in 1924 with the Acerbo Law and following election. Theoretically this occurred through the persuasion of parliament to pass the law and then the persuasion of the people to vote for Mussolini in the next election and it would be unfair to suggest that persuasion played no part in the outcome of the election. Mussolini was armed with examples of the previous weak Liberal governments to persuade parliament to pass the law, and his talent as an orator enabled him to 'bring popular passion to a frenzy'. However the looming presence of the squads, preventing opposition voters from reaching the polls and pacing the halls where the ballots took place, suggests that intimidation played a large if not predominant role in the results of the election which thus secured the Fascist party a majority in Parliament. In 1925 when Mussolini announced his dictatorship, the Legge Fascistissime was passed exerting a final measure of control over parliament by banning opposition parties. Continuing with the theme of force, Mussolini carried out a purge of the judiciary, replacing those removed with Fascists, and Local government was to be abolished and replaced with officials from Rome. By 1926 Parliament was under Mussolini's complete control and no further consolidation was necessary. Therefore by 1926 Mussolini achieved control over government institutions primarily through force. After 1926 Mussolini focussed his attention on other areas of society.By 1924 Mussolini had already asserted much control over the Fascist party...

Find Another Essay On Was force more important than persuasion in Mussolini's consolidation of power between 1924 and 1929? (In which I argue the other side)

In political, cultural and social terms the May Fourth Movement was far more important than the 1911 Revolution. Discuss

2899 words - 12 pages revolution that smashed a 2000 year old feudal monarchy. Many scholars argue that the 1911 Revolution was not in fact a revolution at all. This statement is very much debatable, but conventional wisdoms asserts that the 1911 Revolution did not fulfil its potential.Given these circumstances how true is the deeply held view that the political, cultural and social impacts of the May Fourth Movement were far more important than the 1911 Revolution? Mao

Discuss the view that consolidation rather than expansion was the prime objective of Roman foreign policy between 69 and 211 A.D

1850 words - 7 pages Discuss the view that consolidation rather than expansion was the prime objective of Roman foreign policy between 69 and 211 A.DFrom studying Roman frontier policy, it seems clear that the image of the Roman army as great conquerors, sweeping through vast areas of the known ancient world, is a view which is probably more typical of the period of Augustus' reign rather then any subsequent long-term expansion policies of any of the later emperors

Was nationalism the most important force of change in Europe up to 1870? Justify your answer

1364 words - 5 pages this process, hence an important force which cause the change in the balance of power as well changes to map. Eastern Question was the decline of the Turkish empire. This "sick man of Europe" relates to the force of nationalism because her states, Bulgaria, Serbia, Rumania and Greek gained independence and left Turkey when nationalism took the form of a desire to govern their own people. This was again change in the European map, emergence of new

Why Stalingrad was More Important than Overlord in World War 2

1501 words - 6 pages Hitler lost his pride and power. The Soviet victory rallied the Allies and robbed Hitler of resources and men, which ended his influence in Europe. It was also contributed significantly to the success of the western Allies on D-Day. It is important to acknowledge the considerable role played by the Soviets World War 2. D-Day is now such a big part of North American pop culture that no other battle of World War 2, indeed few other battles in any

How successful was Hitler between 1933-45 in solving the problems which brought him to power ?

1665 words - 7 pages Hitler was brought to power in 1933 because the German people were desperate for solutions to their political, economical and social problems. By his fall in 1945, he had solved many of the problems which had allowed him to come to power but when Germany surrendered to the allies and the country was divided, most of the problems resurfaced so the solutions were not long-term.After World War I, in the 1930's especially, the Great Depression hit

Was the success of the Nazi Party more to do with Hitler than any other factor?

579 words - 2 pages There are many conflicting views on why the Nazi Party came to power in pre–World War II Germany, but they all seem to centre round Adolf Hitler, the Party leader at the time. But was Hitler the main factor for the rise and rise of the Party, or was there more to it than him?Hitler himself believed that it was his own destiny to become the leader of the Nazi Party – he called it the “Inevitable Truth”. He believed that the

To what extent were Stalin’s methods in removing opposition more effective than the Tsarist and other Communist leaders between the years 1855 t

895 words - 4 pages the institution more than Lenin because Lenin stepped away from the institutions of terror and Stalin was more involved in it indicating that it was more effective in Stalin’s regime. This is evident because in Lenin’s regime the cheka had executed 844 people from December to July, which compares nothing to Stalin as he had killed 1 million to 1.5 million over four months. As well as that, Service argues that there were 12,733 prisoners killed by

Which was more important as a reason for the failure of the League of Nations in the 1930's? The absence of the USA or Britain and France's self interest

574 words - 2 pages pacts with other countries behind the league's back. In 1935 - during the crisis with Mussolini, the British and French Foreign Ministers, tried to make a pact with Mussolini. It was named the Hoare Laval pact and it aimed to give Mussolini two-thirds of Abyssinia. They were prepared to carry out the pact without even consulting with the League or with Abyssinia's President Haile Selassie. Britain and France also made a pact with Italy know as the

Assess the view that the Red Army's victory in the Civil War was responsible for the establishment of power by 1924

573 words - 2 pages establishment of CHEKA aligned the population by force to be behind the Party, which was essential in establishing power by 1924.The Red army’s victory in the Civil War was vital for the success of the Bolsheviks as a failed campaign would have ousted Lenin and his Party from political control in the Soviet Union. The Whites, Ukrainian nationalists and the anarchists were the major players involved in the anti-communist camp and according to McCauley

What are the main ways in which groups of people draw distinctions between themselves and other groups of people?

1570 words - 6 pages who have no property, who are presumable poorer than those who do. With the agricultural revolution, people began to gain more and more property thus developing different classes or distinctions between those with land and those without. Prestige is the value that others attach to an individual. It is literally the regard in which someone is held. There is a close connection between the relations of power, property and prestige. Property often

How were the two Othello films different, which was more effective in portraying characters and themes?

704 words - 3 pages chronological order to the play unlike the Welles version. Neither of the films however present a perfect original depiction of the play and are both instead adaptations of the text inspired by the directors who put emphasis on certain themes and events in the text coinciding with their beliefs and understandings of the play.The two films were dissimilar in many ways, firstly, the Parker version was in colour, making the text easier to present rather than

Similar Essays

Essay Is About:Mussolini And Fascist Italy Q: How Important Were The Lateran Treaties Of 1929 Between The Italian State And The Papacy In Consolidating Mussolini's Hold On Power In Italy?

1102 words - 4 pages the regime, and this was through the 'hearts and minds' of the youth, by aiming propaganda at the young children through their education, which means that as they grew up, what Mussolini had 'force fed them' was what they would believe. By Mussolini doing this, it allowed him to gain more support for the regime, and secure his power in Italy.Consequently it is acknowledged that there was more than one factor that assisted Mussolini's hold on

Was Any One Of These Reasons More Important Than The Others In Hitler's Rise To Power?

1178 words - 5 pages Question 3. Was any one of these reasons more important than the others in Hitler's rise to power?The Treaty of Versailles was important to Hitler's rise to power because, it was the cause of Germany's downfall. Hitler felt very strongly about the Treaty of Versailles and thought the terms were unfair towards Germany. Many German people also despised the treaty, and wanted something done about it. Hitler was there to turn to. He wanted to

Why Did Stalin Win The Struggle For Power, 1924 1929?

1623 words - 6 pages amount of people and had power over the people in the CPSU in the district.The stage up from the District meetings was the Region which controlled the District meetings in the region and was more important than the levels below it. If a member was this high up in the ranking then the next target to reach was of the Congress which was held in Moscow and included the top 1,500 Communist Party members. The penultimate stage was the Central Committee

The Labour Governments Of 1924 And 1929 31 Demonstrated That The Labour Party Was Fit To Govern

1207 words - 5 pages foreign Minister, who proved to be more successful than MacDonald, also proved to be very successful with its foreign affairs policies. The most important decision in the second government was the Dawes plan of 1929. This lowered, German reparations, by £4.6 billion, payable over 50 years. This seriously improved relations between the European states and Germany. Arthur Henderson had many other successes, including his