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Was Henry The Eighth The Main Cause Of The Reformation In England?

1269 words - 6 pages

The Reformation, in a nutshell, was the splitting of the Church into two groups, the Catholic Church and the Protestant Church; and the further breaking away of England to form the Church of England. It was a historical event when it happened and the effects of it can still be seen in Europe and the USA today.This story begins in the 1500s, a time where the lives of civilians revolved entirely around the Church, and consequently the Pope and his bishops were considered more powerful than monarchs. However, during the 150 years or so beforehand, people had started to criticise the Church for being corrupt.The first major move towards the reformation came when Martin Luther nailed 95 theses ...view middle of the document...

Frederick kidnapped Luther and took him back to his castled to be guarded carefully for the next few years.During this time things escalated a lot. The rulers of many countries came to support Luther, which was a key cause for the reformation, because without this support Protestantism would not have provailed. Also, the growing resentment between the Catholic Church and the Protestants erupted into an actual war. Catholics and Protestants all over the world fought for what they believed was the right way to worship God. This spread the arguements and problems of the Reformation to places across the world. Eventually, they reached England.Here we meet a very important figure in the Reformation: Henry VIII. When the Reformation first came to England, Henry was a strong supporter of the Catholic Church and had a very good relationship with the pope. The Pope had even declared Henry the ‘Fidei Defensor’ or ‘Defender of the Faith’ for his defending of the Catholic Church against Martin Luther’s criticisms. Little did he know that events over the next few years would tear them apart along with their countries.Henry VIII was a man who like to get what he wanted. If anyone got on the wrong side of him, they would usually get sacked or executed, or meet some sort of horrible fate. To get more loyalty from his followers, he felt that taking control of the Church was the perfect solution. It would solve all his problems about money, divorce and power, too. Here are explanations as to why taking over the Church would do this.MoneyHenry liked to make himself look powerful, and a good way to do this was to have lots of money. With lots of money he could wage wars against Scotland and France and buy expensive things like clothes, paintings, books and furniture. This would communicate the message, ‘I’m Henry VII! I’m powerful! I’m the King! I’m not to be messed with! Etc etc!’Eventually, however, all this buying of expensive items lead to him becoming bankrupt. He needed money to keep his reputation as a powerful ruler. He noticeed that while he was losing money, the Church on the other hand, was gaining money. Henry would reap massive financial benefits from taking over the Church.DivorceHenry’s marriage with Cateherine of Aragon had hit rock bottom. Henry wanted a son to rule over his kingdom when Henry was dead. But no matter how many times he and Catherine conceived a child, it was always a girl. Henry eventually got tired...

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