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Was It Necessary To Drop The Atomic Bomb To End World War Ii?

781 words - 4 pages

Professor Robert James Maddox argues that the atomic bomb was necessary to force the Japanese army to finally surrender and avoid a costly and heavy casualty war with Japan. On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped the first atomic bomb over Hiroshima, Japan. Three days after the initial bombing, another nuclear weapon was dropped on Nagasaki, a main Japanese city. President Truman and Professor Maddox both had the same belief that these bombs were crucial to Japan surrendering in the war. Maddox mentions that Japan was a beaten nation by the summer of 1945 and conventional bombings had reduced many of their cities to almost nothing. He goes on to say that although many rational ...view middle of the document...

Some Americans think that the first bomb may have caused the Japanese to surrender and dropping the second bomb was unnecessary. Professor Maddox says that the record shows otherwise.
Despite Professor Robert James Maddox’s beliefs, Professor Tsuyoshi Hasegawa argues that the Soviet Union had a larger impact on causing Japan to surrender than the use of the atomic bombs did. Hasegawa believes that if Truman had asked Stalin to sign the Potsdam Proclamation, the Soviet invasion of Japan would still do the trick forcing the Japanese to surrender. He also mentions that Hiranuma’s amendments was a terrible mistake and that the Japanese may have been more inclined to accept the Potsdam Proclamation knowing that it would not change the status of the emperor under their national law. If the Byrnes Note had included an indication that America would let Japan keep a constitutional monarchy with the current dynasty, Hasegawa believes that Japan may have surrendered on August 12 or 13, not the 14th.
He goes on to say that without the use of nuclear weapons and the Soviet entry into the war, Japan may have surrendered before November 1st, which was the day Operation Olympic was scheduled to begin. He also questions whether or not the Japanese would have surrendered based on the...

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