Was Socrates Guilty Or Not? Essay

1076 words - 4 pages

Plato wrote about trail of Socrates in ancient Athens. Writer design story in a way where we don't get to hear accusers, we are only able to hear an explanation of a person who was called to the court. In the end of the story Socrates is found guilty to be punished but does that judgment reflect real guiltiness?When we considering whether someone's is guilty or innocent, first we haveto look closer at the system of justice, rules that it follows and charges carried out. Every court follow certain rules and has its own unique point of view. One can deliver a judgment of guiltiness and other opposite in the same case. Court which judged Socrates follows by the rules that were set up by Athenians and reflect the standards and norms of Athens at that time. So even though we didn't get to hear accusers, reader can conclude that their speech applied better to well known standards, required in court in opposite to the speech of Socrates which didn't o convince judges. Accused claims "I've been convinced because I was at loss, not however for speeches, but for daring and shamelessness and willingness to say the sorts of things to you that you would have been most pleased to hear :me wailing and lamenting .." (38d). This means Socrates was conscious, that he's judged by rules that might not uncover the truth behind charges, and following and agreeing to those rules is impossible for him because he would deny to a person he was all his life.So what is Socrates accused of? He challenges with charges that have been risen many years before the trial and sound like that: "Socrates does injustice and is meddlesome, by investigating the things under the earth and the heavenly things, and by making weaker speech the stronger, and by teaching others these same things"(19a). Reader can deduce that If Socrates was able to make weaker argument stronger then he would be found out innocent by court. Because if he was guilty then his weak arguments about innocence he could make stronger to be find innocent. Socrates is also charged with impiety, someone who does not believe in the gods of Athens. Socrates gives counterargument to it when he claims that he was propositioned by the gods through the Oracle of Delphi, to question people's wisdom. Socrates said: "when god stationed me, as I supposed and assumed, ordering me to live philosophizing and examining myself and others"(29a). After this part of the speech Socrates manages to sway Meletus toward his point. Which was that - it's impossible to have beliefs in goods and not believe in them, since demons are considered to be demi-gods. This charge seem true because Socrates believed in different gods then Athenians but he did not broke any law by doing it. He's also charged with not respecting authorities and those who has reputation of being wise, so he pursuit his life to question these figures in their wisdom. Socrates answer to this , "...and this is what will cause my condemnation if I am condemned; not Meletus of...

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