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Was The 2003 War In Iraq Justified And Necessary?

11254 words - 45 pages

Assignment aim.My aim in this assignment is to provide an objective view of whether the 2003 war on Iraq is justified.History of Iraq. For map see appendix 1. Weapons Of Mass Destruction (WOMD)Iraq is a country that was created after world war 1, by the then coalition. It neighbours with Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Syria and Jordan. It is split, pretty much in two by the rivers, Tigress and Euphrates. Habitation and life along these two waterways have flourished since the dawn of time. In biblical times it was a flourishing water way, important for trade. The ground found in between these two is known as Mesopotamia. The cradle of life itself. Iraq is also close to Bethlehem and Jerusalem. So there for the people in this region have very strong religious beliefs. Iraq is also dominated by desert. It is does not have sand dunes or sand hills spreading for miles. The Iraq desert is however almost completely flat with occasional wadi's breaking the landscape. The ground is also dry and a lot of the desert is also bedrock. The weather that this desert can produce in the winter can be unrelenting. As T.E. Lawrence writes. The gulf war of 1991 saw some of the worst weather the region had suffered for thirty years. Iraq itself includes three major groups: Sunni Muslims in the centre surrounding the capital of Baghdad, Kurds in the north and Shi'a Muslims in the south. About 15% of the population is Kurdish, 80% Arab. Some 60% are Shi'ite Arab Muslims like their neighbours in Iran, but they are Arabs, not Persians. There are also significant Assyrian and Turkomen minorities in the north. These smaller groups were not given any national rights when a settlement was made. So therefore civil war and unrest has spooked Iraq ever since. In 1931/1932 Iraq gained independence. This was under a pro-British regime under King Feisal and Nuri-as-Said. A coup was stopped by the British in 1941. In 1958, the pro-West government was overthrown by Abd al-Karim Qasim. Qasim survived an attempted coup by the Ba'athist party which Saddam Hussein participated in. Kuwait and other neighbours followed in 1961 which Iraq laid claims on, mainly oil. Qasim was overthrown in 1963 by Abd al-Salam Arif, apparently with the help of the CIA. Arif was overthrown by a Baathist coup in 1968. By 1979 Saddam Hussein was prime minister and was considering dictatorship regime for which he is so well known for. Saddam appointed high officials from members of his family and native town Tikriti. Meaning he could trust them more, making a coup (past leaders downfalls) less likely. Iran and Iraq have had a running border dispute that involves claims to land, water rights along the Shatt-El-Arab waterway and navigation rights. The Shatt-El-Arab is Iraq's only outlet to the sea. Iran laid claims to certain territories and had taken them by force, further more supporting a Kurdish revolt. A 1975 treaty was supposed to settle the argument. The Shah withdrew support for the...

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