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Was The Second Bombing On Nagasaki Necessary? List Three Reasons Why Or Why Not. I Said It Wasn't And Then Listed Three Reasons

844 words - 3 pages

"The use of the atomic bomb, with its indiscriminate killing of women and children, revolts my soul," President Herbert Hoover. On August 6th and 9th of 1945 U.S. bombers dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, causing utter destruction and many deaths. The dropping of the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945 was meant to show the powerful new weapon to the entire world. The United States wanted to be recognized as the most powerful nation, and winning the atomic race was a big step in that direction. In Hiroshima it killed 100,000 people, most non-military civilians. Three days later in Nagasaki it killed roughly 50,000. These bombs were dropped as the Pacific battles of World War II were coming to an end. Soon after, Japan surrendered, ending the war. But, was the use of the second atomic bomb necessary? Was it too harsh and cruel to the Japanese? The first question was whether or not to drop a bomb. The effects of atomic warfare had not been known and studied, but it was apparent that it would be a good tool in ending the war. The first bomb did appear necessary to ending the war. It would put Japan in check to bring a quick finish to the fighting, saving many lives, as well as prevent the Russians from joining the Pacific War. The second on Nagasaki, however, was obviously not. It was handled foolishly, in that the Japanese were not allowed enough time to surrender and it seemed like a big sick experiment. The United States of America was justified in dropping the atomic bomb on the island of Hiroshima, but not justified in doing the same to Nagasaki.Based on a detailed investigation of all the facts and supported by the testimony of the surviving Japanese leaders involved, it is the opinion that certainly prior to December 31, 1945, and in all probability prior to November 1, 1945, Japan would have surrendered even if the atomic bombs had not been dropped, even if Russia had not entered the war, and even if no invasion had been planned or contemplated. But could American leaders have known this in August 1945? The answer is, clearly, yes. The Japanese code had been broken, and Japan's messages were being intercepted. It was known the Japanese had instructed their ambassador in Moscow to work on peace negotiations with the Allies. Japanese leaders had begun talking of...

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