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Was The League Of The Nations A Stupid Idea?

1545 words - 7 pages

The President of America, Thomas Woodrow Wilson once stated: "It is not enough just to win the war. We must win it in such a way to keep the future peace of the world." Thus, he helped form the League of Nations in 1920. Theoretically, the establishment of the League of Nations was an excellent idea, for it attempted to prevent wars through discussions, improve people's lives, jobs and public health, ban slavery, and disarm the world in order to bring the ideal peace into the globe. Nevertheless, numerous modern historians criticize the establishment of such organization stating that it was useless and stupid, for its aims were dreams that were beyond God. However, it is not true that the ...view middle of the document...

Firstly, America wanted itself to be isolated from the European affairs, for it suffered civilian casualties in the Great War that they joined in 1917. It also believed that they had enough dealing with other countries problems. Secondly, they did not want to police the world by sending out soldiers out to other parts of the globe regarding the very costly venture and the disadvantages it would cause on America's economy. Carrying out the League of Nations without the aid of America was indeed an unintelligent idea considering the weakness of the League that was due to the absence of army and financial backing, which made it very hard for the powers to enforce the decisions made by the organization. Despite the League of Nations and two significant strengths--The Power of Covenant and The Power of Sanctions, it all became pointless with no USA since without army and enough power shown, not many nations took it seriously. H.A.L Fisher stated in A History of Europe: "League or no League, a country which is determined to have a war can always have it." This statement is proved correctly when the organization's main members betray the League. Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931, and Italy took over Abyssinia in 1935. However, the two major powers in Europe, France and Britain do not force Japan to leave Manchuria simply because they did not want to go to war. Furthermore, France and Britain secretly agreed with Italy to let it have Abyssinia. Due to the absence of the nation that first proposed the idea of organization and its army, countries did not take the League of with serious attitude, for it had no power to enforce its decisions. In addition, the lack of army also meant that if a country ignored the League, there will be nothing much that the League could do. The League's failure in Manchuria and Abyssinia destroyed the confidence of it and many countries left due to the lost credibility. In fact, USA refusing to join the League decreased the effectiveness in negotiations with other countries. This is telling the people today that the idea of implementing such organization with no military or America was stupid, and eventually, the more the League failed to prevent small wars, the more the countries turned their backs.The League of Nations was a stupid idea because one of the major aims of it was to enforce the Treaty of Versailles that was formed in 1919. The Germans thought the treaty was written unfairly, and thus their hatred toward the League grew. At the same time, Russia, a Communist country also was not a member of the League since they hated the British and French. Eventually the two relatively powerful countries that didn't join the organization, Russia and Germany formed the Treaty of Rapallo in 1922 for diplomatic alliance. Russia and Germany, which were the two nations that fought against each other during World War 1, now were under a friendly relationship. This indicates that despite the presence of the League, it was very hard to...

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