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Was The Schlieffen Plan A True Failure?

2664 words - 11 pages

The Schlieffen Plan was known as a failure in World War 1 history due to its disability of defeating France in six weeks and deadlocks were created afterwards. This plan was named after its creator, Cout Alfred Von Schlieffen (1833-191) who was the former chief of the German general staff. The main aims of this plan were to defeat France in six weeks, in order to avoid fight France and Russia on two fronts. However, after German was defeated in 1914 at the First Battle of Marne, the Schlieffen was failed. German started to build trenches and the two-front was not avoided. Nevertheless, as I went further into the Schlieffen plan, I realized that this plan would have been succeed even it had many failures. So my research question is "Was the Schlieffen plan stupid"; I think it is a researchable question because there are many arguments among this plan. It was said to be a failure in history, because it did not achieved to defeat France in six weeks, and German had to fight Allies on two fronts. However, it could be argued that this plan was not executed by the creator of this plan Count Alfred von Schlieffen, and his successor general Moltke had made many unwise modifications. And, this was the reason for its failure. In this essay, I am going to talk about my research topic from two.Firstly; I am going to state the reasons for the opinion that Schlieffen plan was stupid. Then I will argue with it by proving the opinion that this plan was stupid.At first, it could be argued that the idea of Shlieffen Plan was stupid because there were four main weaknesses in this Plan. .According to who? Firstly, German's underestimation of Belgian army was one of most significant failure of this plan German believed that Belgium would not fought back and could be easily defeated when German force marched in, because its army was only a tenth of its invader. What was more; the army was poorly equipped and trained. For example, Ammunition of this army was too short to provide enough bullets in range practices; Bullets had been limited to one bullet per man per week for range practice. In addition, this army had never fought a war before because it actually was first time for Belgium to go to a war. However, they actually did fought back; Belgium had defended and delayed German army for ten days .By August 4, 1914, a German cavalry advance guard covering reinforced German infantry brigades out of General Karl Von Blow's second army had marched into Belgium. However, it had taken German ten days to break through Belgium's defense, because Belgium was not as soft as German thought. For example, Belgian army had blow up railway and stopped German's supply and reinforcement. For instance, the Meuse bridges which was below the city had been wrecked. In addition, German army had received stronger defense than what they imagined. For example, when German attempted to advance through the Meuse River, it became a bloody carnage. General Otto von Emmich was forced to pull back...

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