Was The Trojan War Really The Fault Of The Gods? Give Reasons For And Against.

2051 words - 8 pages

Was the Trojan War really the fault of the gods? - Give reasons for and against.Perhaps the most pivotal event in the early history of ancient Greece was the Trojan War, the most important record of which is The Iliad of Homer. The war took place in the beginning of 12th century B.C. and is generally thought to have lasted from 1193 - to 1184 B.C. (www.enl.umassd) Troy fell into the hands of the Greeks. Modern historians suggest that the war was started over commerce and trade between Greece and Asia Minor but myth and legend insist it was the fault of the gods .This essay will explore both sides of this argument to determine if the Trojan War really was the fault of the gods. "The Trojan war, which was fought, according to legend, because of a quarrel among gods and the resulting incidents of betrayal among mortals." (Corcoran, 13)The ancient Greeks traced their history to mythological events and their genealogy to the gods and goddesses. Many blamed the gods for the war, thinking that all things begin in heaven and accordingly they say that this war took place because such was the will of Zeus, who wished his daughter Helen to become famous for having caused a conflict between Europe and Asia. It has also been suggested that if Zeus had married the Nereid Thetis, then the war would not have happened. Themis prophesied that Thetis would become the mother of a youth who would be called greater than his father. This is why Poseidon and Zeus, who had been rivals for Thetis' hand, had the mortal Peleus marry her.Eris (Discord) was not invited to the wedding party. This goddess can be difficult to exclude and she threw among the guests a golden apple the inscription: "For the fairest" Hera, Athena and Aphrodite fought over the prize and were sent by Zeus to Mount Ida near Troy to have their beauty judged by the shepherd Paris. Here some find this tale inconsistent:"For why should goddess Hera set her heart so much on such a prize? Was it to win a nobler lord than Zeus? Or was Athena hunting down among the gods a husband, she who in her dislike of marriage won from her father the gift of remaining unwed?" [Euripides, 979]Paris chose Aphrodite as the most beautiful, accepting Helen's hand as a bribe. Many have found that this was the choice of a sensual man. It has been suggested that this sensuality led to seduction and seduction to the war. It is not clear how another choice could have led to peace, for Athena had wished to bribe him offering the command of Phrygia and the destruction of Hellas, or victory in war and Hera had offered him, besides wealth, the dominion over both Asia and Europe. Each of these situations would have led to death and destruction and it was unfair of the gods to put Paris in such a situation whereby he could not make a fair decision without causing the anger of two of the three most powerful goddesses on Olympus. It could be that Paris chose the only one who he thought would bring peace and happiness. It is not clear if he...

Find Another Essay On Was the Trojan War really the fault of the gods? - Give reasons for and against.

Legacy of the Trojan War Essay

555 words - 2 pages Legacy of the Trojan WarThe case of the disappearing treasureWas there really a treasure?Yes there was really treasure which consisted of gold and silver artefacts found in Troy. We know this now because of the significant finding of the PRiam's treasure by Schliemann in 1873. At the end of the 2nd world war, the treasure went missing for few years when the Russian's invasion at Berlin. In 1994 it reappeared at the Hermitage Museum in St

The Trojan War Essay

1519 words - 6 pages accurate, although based on actual events. Also, in the Greek culture it was common to allow the credit for certain kinds of deeds to go to gods or goddesses, which today's historians just suppose to be allegorical references. But, if the gods or goddesses do not exist, then how did the Trojan War start in the first place? This paper will look at the events of the Trojan War and will describe how we can or cannot know what actually happened with the

The Trojan War

895 words - 4 pages Throughout time, men have waged war. Some for power, some for glory, some for honor -- and some for love. There is a legend twenty eight centuries old that narrates of how a queen betrayed her king; and the warrior he called upon to lead the long, long winding journey of vengeance. If love was worth dying for, there is no, no, greater war than this.In ancient Greece, the passion of two of history's most legendary lovers, Paris, Prince of Troy

Historical Investigation Homer and the Trojan War

929 words - 4 pages Historical Investigation Homer and the Trojan WarTroy was a city well-known to both history and legend, and situated in Turkey. It is best known for being the setting of the Trojan War described in The Iliad, the epic poem attributed to Homer. A lot of people ask, was there really a war at Troy? "Most likely" is the answer most would say. Although many professional archaeologists believe that the war was just a story passed down many

Trojan War and The Odysseus by Homer

1239 words - 5 pages these many years, he says; “men hold me formidable for guile in peace and war: this fame has gone abroad to the sky’s rim.” (Homer 128-129). This shows how the men value Odysseus, for his participation in the Trojan War. Through the haze and trouble of this war he managed to come up with a plan that in the end won them the war. He preformed extremely well as a soldier and a commander. Odysseus was the one who came up with the idea to construct a

Should the "war" on drugs continue to be fought the same way? Three reasons for and three reasons against, with critiques of both.

649 words - 3 pages dollars have been dealt out chasing suspected drug dealers and housing non-violent drug offenders in prisons. For example, because of the war on drugs, State and Federal prisons can no longer afford to house violent criminals for appropriate amounts of time. In one specific case in 1997, Lamar Gray purchased a pound of marijuana from an undercover informant, was arrested and fined $25,000, then sentenced to life in prison without parole. The same year

What really was the true significance of the Tet Offensive for the Vietnam War?

998 words - 4 pages broadcast, it was quoted that LBJ said, "That's it. If I've lost Cronkite, I've lost middle America." It showed what an important impact Cronkite's speech had on the general public, and how the general Americans trust the news reporter more than the president or the officials of the country. It showed that the Americans did not really have a great faith in the government, which also led to the anti-war movement in 1970. From all of the evidences, the

Reasons for and Outcomes of the Mexican War

896 words - 4 pages (Tindall & Shi, 2010, pg. 397). Initially, the United States was reluctant to accept Texas into the Union due to its legalized slavery. The representatives were fearful of a division between the Northern and Southern states over this issue and possibly going to war with Mexico. While the United States argued over the annexation, Texans began making plans to extend their territory all the way to the Pacific Ocean. According to George Tindall and David

The Antebellum period. Speaks of what was happening in pre-Civil War time, reasons for the war, and differences between the Northern, and Southern states

1588 words - 6 pages The purpose of this essay is to show what was happening in pre-Civil War time. To show the reasons for the war. To show the differences between the Northern, and Southern states.The antebellum period started with the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was brought to the United States by Samuel Slater from England in the late 18th century. He was a textile worker who actually founded the American cotton textile industry.This

What are the reasons for and against gay marriage

2689 words - 11 pages What are the reasons for and against gay marriage Introduction Gay marriage is one of the most controversial issues in the modern world. For the past thousand years, marriage has been recognized as the social union between a man and a woman. In most cultures across the globe, homosexuality was viewed with disdain, and marriages between same-sex couples were forbidden.However, homosexual relationships are slowly gaining acceptance, as

The Heroes of the Trojan War: Hector & Achilles

525 words - 2 pages armies, Hector fought to protect his family from the invading forces and for the survival of his city. It should be noted that before Hector faced the tragedies of the upcoming Trojan War, he blessed his only son and asked Zeus, the god of all gods, to grant his son to be like him, the “first in glory among the Trojans” (340). Though Hector was a better man in a moral sense when compared to Achilles, he still had some flaws. While attempting to

Similar Essays

"The United States Was Not Really Isolationist In The 1930's". Argue The Case For Or Against This Statement.

3013 words - 12 pages "The United States was not really isolationist in the 1930's".Argue the case for or against this statement.During the 1920's America seemed to enjoy a period of prosperity after the Great War. This was due to a number of factors. One of which was American industry which had expanded and "mass production" methods allowed prices of goods to drop. The American people who had money spent it lavishly, whilst those who did not borrowed in order to do

The Trojan War: Gods Essay

513 words - 2 pages The Trojan War is the most pivotal point in the Greek crusade. However, was the outcome affected by the men that fought and died? Or was it merely twisted by the gods acting like men to fulfill their own pre set goals. There are many points in this epic journey that the gods imitated humans in many ways. They use motivation to curve actions, emotions to sway characters ideas, and actions themselves to control the outcome of the story itself

Achilles And The Trojan War Essay

1090 words - 5 pages lives of many. The story of the Trojan War is one where Achilles ultimately leads the Achaeans to Troy and kills Hector outside Priam’s walls. However, it was Patroclus, Achilles’ brother-in-arms, who should be accredited with the Achaean victories and know for his success against the Trojans in the War. When the Achaean commander, Agamemnon, “graciously” returns his war prize Chryseis to her father in order to stop Apollo’s plague on the

Advent Of The Trojan War Essay

589 words - 2 pages I disagree with this statement, there is evidence a Trojan War or Wars did happen, possibly around north-western Turkey. Eric Cline from the George Washington University says “The archaeological and textual evidence indicates that a Trojan War or Wars took place and that Homer chose to write about one or more of them making it into a great ten-year-long saga”. In the Illiad the Trojan War was fought around 1200-1100 BC. The Illiad was writing