This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Was The First Crusade Fought Under The Pretense Of Religion

2027 words - 8 pages

Was the first crusade a war fought exclusively in the name of God?The 'First Crusade' was a holly war that was fought in 1095. Not known as a crusade until much later they were known and seen to people as pilgrimages. The war was fought from most of the European countries, against the growing power of the Byzantine empire and Islamic religion which was spreading like wild fire across the middle east. Muslim armies had conquered Syria, Persia, Palestine, Egypt, North Africa, Spain, Sicily, Southern Italy, Cyprus, Rhodes, Sardinia, Majorca, Crete, and Malta, which had been some of the most heavily Christian areas in the world. They attacked Rome and came within 100 miles of Paris before being pushed back. Pope Urban II launched the First Crusade at the council of Clermont to check the advance of the Muslims and regain control of the city of Jerusalem and the Holy Lands. Peter the Hermit originally led the crusades then in the coming years thousands of Western Europeans would follow suit.From the perspective that the first Crusade was a war for religious motivations, the first point that must be said is encapsulated by what Pope Urban's appeal is quoted as stating: "From the confines of Jerusalem and the city of Constantinople a horrible tale has gone forth and very frequently… (a) race, a race utterly alienated from God, a generation forsooth which has not directed its heart and has not entrusted its spirit to God, has invaded the lands of those Christians and has depopulated them by the sword, pillage and fire." Clearly, this emotive statement reinforces the idea that the first Crusades were established as a war liberating the Christian minority being overrun by the Muslims. His language is heavily loaded, portraying the Muslims as a Godless, violent and destructive force; the antithesis to the "heart" and "spirit" of the Christian faith. In addition, Urban also suggested that killing for the Church led to 'instant entry to Heaven': "God has conferred upon you above all nations great glory in arms. Accordingly undertake this journey for the remission of your sins, with the assurance of the imperishable glory of the Kingdom of Heaven." The war is being marketed as a Holy War, one of which God will be forgiving and proud. The repetition of "glory" emphasises the Christian and heroic qualities of honour and valour gained through this task set by God. There is direct address using the second person, "conferred upon you". This appeal confidently conveys the opinion stated as fact that it is a way to receive God's forgiveness for previous "sins" with an "assurance" and guarantee of a place in "Heaven". People felt a religious obligation to 'liberate' Christians from the oppressive Muslims. This is further illustrated by Pope Urban's direct statement: "The infidel Turks are advancing into the heart of Eastern Christendom; Christians are being oppressed and attacked; churches and holy places are being defiled." This list fuels the religious reasons...

Find Another Essay On Was the First crusade fought under the pretense of religion

The First Crusade Essay

731 words - 3 pages sword”, and Revelation 19:13, “And he [was] clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God”. These quotes taken from both the Old and New Testaments clearly show that Christianity is not a wholly peaceful religion, as some would have me believe. Biblical quotes aside, another obvious sign that Christianity does not foster peace can be found in the actions of its adherents throughout the last two millennia

The First Crusade Essay

1263 words - 5 pages theJews. Eventually, they reached Constantinople and were sent by the Emperor Alexius I to AsiaMinor where they were slaughtered by the Seljuk Turks.A papal supported Crusade was soon to follow. The soldiers for the first true Crusadewere recruited from the warrior class of knights. By 1096, ' an international military force, with alarge nucleus of knights from central and southern France, Normandy, and Norman Sicily, madeits way across the Balkans

The First Crusade: a success?

2516 words - 10 pages not to participate... [and all] laymen were to have the blessing of a priest before departing". Urban was probably envisaging disciplined groups of soldiers, under the command of experienced leaders. Yet the first body of people to leave on Crusade was far from this. Only a tiny number of knights took part in the "people's crusade". The description of this would be army by Albert of Aix gives the reader an idea of how unorganised and unfitted for

The cause and effect of the first crusade

2388 words - 10 pages Christian crusades. The crusades of the late antiquity exemplified this duality of religion and the horror religion can bring. Thousands upon thousands fought and died, not for king or country, but under God. The kingdoms of Christendom united under the common goal of retaking the holy land and driving the Muslims from Jerusalem. The crusades were by no means a small affair; it was the first time since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire

The First Crusade and the Ideas of Crusading

2006 words - 8 pages Contrary to many commonly held notions about the first crusade, in his book, The First Crusade and the Idea of Crusading, Jonathan Riley-Smith sets out to explain how the idea of crusading thought evolved in the first crusade. In his book, Riley-Smith sets out five main arguments to show how these ideas of crusading evolved. Firstly, he argues that Pope Urban’s original message was conventional, secondly that a more positive reaction was drawn

A diminished reflection on first love from an old age. This short story was written under timed exam conditions

717 words - 3 pages for the past and worries about what was to come next. Nothing here could ever be lucid. All their thoughts are mixed and muddled. Their minds have become jigsaw puzzles, unfitting with missing pieces. But in every person there is always a hidden memory left untouched. The memory of first love. They first time they met was amongst the ruins of Corfe castle. They were on an outing with a youth camp. He sat against the crumbling stone wall of

Context and Causes For The First Crusade

1334 words - 5 pages crusade had not been successful then these truly devout soldiers faith would “less pronounced” (Asbridge 336). The fear of damnation, Asbridge explains, is what drove the Crusaders to conquer. There was not passionate dedication of fighting for the church. Asbridge believes more than anything it was a self-serving need of the desire to ascend into heaven. The papacy saw The First Crusade as an opportunity to manipulate and burn the religion of Islam

The American Oligarchy and the Pretense of Democracy

923 words - 4 pages , "Justice as understood in democracy is equality, but this considers only part of what is just; the same is true of the notion of justice in oligarchy." The American system of democracy is anything but equal. The original Bill of Rights was very clear about having one person represent many. The very first article stated After the first enumeration required by the first article of the Constitution, there shall be one Representative for every thirty

The Wars Of The Crusade

848 words - 4 pages The Crusades were Christian soldiers who fought for the glory of God to protect their religion. The Crusades believed that it was acceptable to murder in war as long as it was for Jesus Christ. In 753 A.C., Pope Stephen II tells the ruler of the Franks Pepin Carolingian that “St. Peter would remit the sins of the men who goes to war for his church” (Lords and Ladies). “The priests could not fight in the wars with weapons but only to help

Was the American Civil War fought to free the Slaves

786 words - 3 pages Was the American Civil War fought to free the Slaves? The American Civil war was fought between the Northern and Southern States of America. It was a case of the richer and more industrial versus the poorer and more agricultural. So was the war fought for the black slaves’ freedom or as just a division between two contrasting societies in one huge country? Firstly, there were extremely contrasting views on black

Was the Civil War fought over Slavery - University - Essay

2741 words - 11 pages Was the Civil War fought over slavery? The American Civil War was hugely important for the development of the country, as it reunited the union, it reinforced the principle that the power of the federal government comes before the power of state government, and most importantly it brought an end to slavery. ‘Slavery played a profoundly important role in the making of the United States.’[footnoteRef:1] It began in the seventeenth century, after

Similar Essays

What Caused The First Crusade, And Was It A Success?

1346 words - 5 pages The First Crusade was cause by conflicts between the Christians and the Muslims for the Holy Land, Jerusalem. Jerusalem was the holy city for all three groups of different faiths; the Christians, the Jews, and the Muslims. For the Christians, Jerusalem was where Jesus was crucified and resurrected. For the Muslim, Jerusalem was the place where Muhammad had ascended to heaven. For the Jews, it was their God's city and it was the sit of Solomon's

The First Major Battle Of The Civil War Was Fought In Virginia, Near The Manassas, Virginia Railway Junction, After Which The Battle Is Called .........Ect

631 words - 3 pages The First Battle of Bull Run was the first major battle of the Civil War, was fought in Virginia, near Manassas, on July 21, 1861. The main general of the Federal army was Brigadier General Irwin McDowell, whose forces consisted of 30,000 men split into five divisions. General Joseph E. Johnston led the Confederate army, with about 22,000 men, though his army was not yet organized. Bull Run was fought to defend Richmond, which the Union thought

Byzantine Aid Was Vital To The Success Of The First Crusade.’ To What Extent Do You Agree? College A Level Essay Assignment

1190 words - 5 pages Charlotte Mawdsley ‘Byzantine Aid was vital to the success of the first crusade.’ To what extent do you agree? There were many contributing factors to the success of the first crusade. Byzantine aid was important along with the military tactics used by the Crusaders, but pivotal to the success of the first crusade was Muslim disunity. The Crusaders received much aid from Alexios and the Byzantine Empire during the first crusade. In 1097, at

The First Crusade Essay

1963 words - 8 pages was not going to capitulate as easy as Raymond thought. One eyewitness remarked: “This castle was full of an immense horde of Pagans, Turks, Saracens, Arabs and Paulicians, who had made its fortifications exceedingly strong and defended themselves bravely.” The siege at Arqa was a failure but did have the effect of gathering all of the soldiers of the First Crusade in one place. Eventually the Crusaders passed by towns as they had their sights